EU member states are set to begin negotiations on the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) next week after an agreement was reached on Wednesday. They have agreed to seek cutting supply in the carbon market in 2021, despite calls for earlier action.
The EU-ETS covers more than 11,000 factories, power station and other installations. It operates on a cap-and-trade system, where the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions that can be emitted by the businesses involved is set and allowance can then be traded.
A Market Stability Reserve would see the amount of emission allowance units that the EU is permitted to auction reduced. The new deal allows EU governments to being negotiations on the final version of the draft law.
In a statement, the Latvian Presidency said, “The decision is an important step to fight against climate change and paves the way for the reform of the EU greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme. Man-made greenhouse gases are largely responsible for warming the planet and causing climate change.”
The statement explains that a Market Stability Reserve is needed to correct the current market imbalance after a surplus of emission allowances has accumulated in the system, reaching approximately 2.1 billion in 2013, and as a result weakening the carbon price. The surplus has been linked to the economic crisis
Earlier this year business leaders called for the ETS to be reformed to include a Market Stability Reserve by 2017. They argued such a move is necessary to ensure the low-carbon economy and energy system remains on track.
Photo: Matt Buck via Flickr