A partnership of over 20 major international institutions has been announced today to tackle the national climate commitments and goals of the Paris Agreement. The Coalition of Urban Transitions will support national-level decision making, ensuring that city action is linked to broader economic planning.
Today the New Climate Economy, along with C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) and the WRI Ross Centre for Sustainable Cities, launched the Coalition for Urban Transitions, the first major international initiative to make the economic case for better urban development globally.
Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, made the announcement during a breakfast briefing organised by C40 and the Compact of Mayors.
Kgosientso Ramokgopa, Mayor of Tshwane in South Africa, said: “Cities are the key to achieving both the Sustainable Development Goals and the national climate commitments of the Paris Agreement.
“This Coalition will build the evidence base for policymakers on the solutions that can unlock the power of cities to support better development and a better climate.”
Many of the barriers to city level action lie in the hands of national leaders and Ministers of finance, energy, transportation, and economy, who often hold key levers shaping urban development. The Coalition will support decision-making on urbanisation at the national level in countries around the world, linking city-level strategies with broader economic planning. Through economic research and in-country engagement, the Coalition will help governments put effective urban infrastructure investment at the heart of their growth strategies.
Eduardo Paes, C40 Chair and Mayor of Rio de Janeiro said: “Mayors know about the economic and wider benefits of sustainable cities, which is why many are doing everything they can to act on the opportunities from low carbon growth.
“However, the scale of the urbanisation challenge is so large that we can’t do it alone. We need national-level policy makers and economic planning to complement city-level efforts. That’s where the Coalition for Urban Transitions will play a big role.”
Managing urban development better can trigger major dividends. Recent research has found that investing in compact, connected, and efficient cities could substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and generate global energy savings with a current value of US$17 trillion by 2050.
Aniruddha Dasgupta, Global Director at WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities and the Managing Partner of the Coalition said: “The scale and pace of the global urban revolution happening now cannot be underestimated and the opportunities – if managed well – could be tremendous. For instance, just investing in sustainable transport offers not only social and environmental advantages but can also deliver savings of as much as $300 billion per year.”
“Getting this kind of information – about the clear economic benefits of building better cities – into the hands of decision makers can help set us on a path where each country can start to reap the benefits of an urban dividend.”
Over the next three years, the Coalition will work in a number of rapidly-urbanising countries, such as China and India, where the scale of the challenge is immense.
In China, damage to health from poor air quality, much of which is associated with burning fossil fuels, is valued at over 10 per cent of GDP. Compact and connected cities can help to meet China’s urban challenge – a billion people are expected to live in Chinese cities in the 2020s. If tightly linked by mass transit systems, such cities will be more liveable, attractive, competitive and energy efficient.
India’s urban population will cross 600 million in the next 15 years. Its cities will account for 75 per cent of national GDP and 70 per cent of all net new jobs. However, half the world’s most polluted cities are in India, including the top four in the world: Delhi, Patna, Gwalior, and Raipur. Outdoor particulate matter pollution caused an estimated 630,000 premature deaths in India in 2010, and costs the equivalent of 5.5–7.5 per cent of GDP per year. By investing in smart cities, India could reduce congestion and severe air pollution, whilst boosting productivity.