The World Health Organisation (WHO) has revealed that one in eight total global deaths in 2012 was been caused by air pollutants, which resulted in a high number of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
The organisation estimates that pollution from industries, cooking fires and auto fumes caused 7 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012.
Indoor and outdoor air pollution has resulted in a high number of people, especially in the Southeast Asia and Western Pacific regions, having respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, such as a stroke, lung cancer and ischemic heart diseases.
Experts from the WHO have said that the risks associated with air pollution are now “far greater than previously thought or understood”.
Dr Carlos Dora, coordinator for public health, environmental and social determinants of health at the WHO, said, “Excessive air pollution is often a by-product of unsustainable policies in sectors such as transport, energy, waste management and industry. In most cases, healthier strategies will also be more economical in the long term due to health-care cost savings as well as climate gains.
“The WHO and health sectors have a unique role in translating scientific evidence on air pollution into policies that can deliver impact and improvements that will save lives.”
Friends of the Earth air pollution campaigner Jenny Bates commented on the figures, “Breathing clean air should be a basic human right – it’s a scandal that poor air quality kills millions of people around the world each year.
”Strong and urgent measures are needed to end this scandal, including action on road traffic, the main cause of most of the UK’s pollution.”
The WHO announced in October it had classified outdoor air pollution as the most widespread environmental carcinogenic for humans.