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An Insight into the Principle of Hybrid Cars

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Electric Car Charging Pavement Marking by Paul Krueger via Flickr

Are you planning to buy a new car? Which brand would you like to go for? Is it going to be Toyota’s Prius, Ford’s Fusion, Chevrolet’s Volt, or Porsche’s Cayenne? When I mentioned all these cars, did you notice that all of those car models have something in common? Let me tell you what that feature is. Each of these cars has a hybrid power train, which is nothing but a propulsion system and is quite famous because of the Prius.

From a consumer’s point of view, the feature provides the automakers with a means of meeting the ever-tightening CAFÉ (i.e. Corporate Average Fuel Economy) requirements. This also supports them to meet the anticipated limits of CO2 discharge. If we dig deep into the history of hybrid cars, then we get to know that the United States of America (USA) market has already been hosting them since 1999 and they have been in demand over the years. In fact, people have been looking for fuel-efficient cars, provided they are affordable for them.

What is Hybrid?

You must have wondering what exactly Hybrid is, especially in terms of cars. Well, it’s nothing but a technology that utilized more than one form of fuel or energy to propel. If we talk about a hybrid car, then we can mention that if a car utilized two or more forms of energy for propulsion, then that is a Hybrid Car. More precisely, the car will have a traditional fuel tank and an internal combustion engine along with a battery pack in association with multiple electric motors.

The Principle of Hybrid Cars

The term Hybrid cars are often confused with Electric cars due to the inability of individuals to interpret the difference between the operating principle. Let me tell you that Hybrid cars mostly are machines that burn gasoline and utilize electric bits in order to collect and recycle energy, which the standard cars do not use at all. If we talk about practicality and fuel efficiency, a Diesel-Electric hybrid car is way too much efficient. However, this combination of hybrid system and Diesel Engine is quite costly.

Not all hybrids operate the same way since they do not possess hybrid attributes in equal standards. Instead, it’s all the layout system that counts. Below are various hybrid layout systems:

Series Hybrids

Being the first-ever hybrid type, this type of cars utilize ship and locomotive a layout that was found in the previous century. This hybrid type must have large motors installed since the motors turn the drive wheels. However, this is not a pure electric type of vehicle, as it burns the fuel because of a dedicated engine. The electricity onboard is produced by the engine that powers a generator.

Parallel Hybrids

These are the least expensive hybrid variants used in automotive. The engine’s output is blended together with the electric motor, upstream of the transmission, thereby propelling the vehicle after the engine dominates. The installation of the electric motor displays an additional cost, which may be adjusted because it may be the only source of propulsion of the vehicle when we talk about short distances.

Hybrids using Start/Stop Systems

Another class of vehicles inspired by hybrids available in the market, which utilizes the start and stop system. Practically, these systems were ideal for hybrids, whereas these vehicles were not pure hybrids because they did not utilize the hybrid principle, i.e. the mechanism based on two or more power sources. In fact, they were preferably called micro-hybrids. A beefed-up starter motor in combination with a capacitor or battery was used for the start/stop functionality.

You may not find your car running non-stop; it may ditch you anytime. An assurance of roadside assistance can be of a great help if you do have it, irrespective of your geographical location. For assurance assistance, make sure you have a valid insurance cover. Do compare insurance quotes online to get the best deal on insurance.

Concluding

Even though hybrid cars are recommended over conventional petrol or diesel cars, they do cost you an additional amount of money. Since once cannot overlook the cost always, it’s therefore, your decision which car you would like to purchase or afford, in particular.

 

 

Energy

Are the UK Governments Plans for the Energy Sector Smart?

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The revolution in the energy sector marches on, wind turbines and solar panels are harnessing more renewable energy than ever before – so where is it all leading?

The UK government have recently announced plans to modernise the way we produce, store and use electricity. And, if realised, the plans could be just the thing to bring the energy sector in line with 21st century technology and ideologies.

Central to the plans is an initiative that will see smart meters installed in homes and businesses the length and breadth of the country – and their aim? To create an environment where electricity can be managed more efficiently.

The news has prompted some speculation about how energy suppliers will react and many are predicting a price war. This could benefit consumers of electricity and investors, many of whom may be looking to make a profit by trading energy company shares online using platforms such as Oanda – but the potential for good news doesn’t end there.

Introducing New Technology

The plan, titled Smart Systems and Flexibility is being rolled out in the hope that it will have a positive impact in three core areas.

  • To offer consumers greater control by making smart meters available for all homes and businesses by 2020. Energy users will be able to monitor, control and record the amount of energy they use.
  • Incentivise energy suppliers to change the manner in which they buy electricity, to offer more smart tariffs and more off-peak periods for energy consumption.
  • Introduce new standards for electrical appliances – it is hoped that the new wave of appliances will recognise when electricity is at its cheapest and at its most expensive and respond accordingly.

How the Plans Will Affect Solar Energy

Around 7 million houses in the UK have solar panels and the government say that their plan will benefit them as they will be able to store electricity on batteries. The stored energy can then be used by the household and excess energy can be exported to the national grid – in this instance lower tariffs or even payment for the excess energy will bring down annual costs significantly.

The rate of return on energy exported to the national grid is currently between 6% and 10%, but there are many variables to take into account, such as, the cost of battery storage and light levels. Still, those with state-of-the-art solar electricity systems could end up with an annual profit after selling their excess energy.

The Internet of Things

Much of what the plans set out to achieve are linked to the now ubiquitous “internet of things” – where, for example, appliances and heating systems are connected to the internet in order to make them function more smartly.

Companies like Hive have already made great inroads into this type of technology, but the road that the government plans are heading down, will, potentially, go much further -blockchain technology looms and has already proved to be a game changer in the world of currency.

Blockchain Technology

It has already been suggested that the peer to peer selling of energy and exporting it to the national grid may eventually be done using blockchain technology.

“The blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.”

Don and Alex Tapscott, Blockchain Revolution (2016)

The upshot of the government’s plans for the revolution of the energy sector, is that technology will play an indelible role in making it more efficient, more flexible and ultimately more sustainable.

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Energy

4 Case Studies on the Benefits of Solar Energy

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Demand for solar energy is growing at a surprising rate. New figures from SolarPower Europe show that solar energy production has risen 50% since the summer of 2016.

However, many people are still skeptical of the benefits of solar energy.Does it actually make a significant reduction in our carbon footprint? Is it actually cost-effective for the company over the long-run?

A number of case studies have been conducted, which indicate solar energy can be enormously beneficial. Here are some of the most compelling studies on the subject.

1.     Boulder Nissan

When you think of companies that leverage solar power, car dealerships probably aren’t the first ones that come to mind. However, Boulder Nissan is highly committed to promoting green energy. They worked with Independent Power Systems to setup a number of solar cells. Here were the results:

  • Boulder Nissan has reduced coal generated electricity by 65%.
  • They are on track to run on 100% renewable energy within the next 13 years.
  • Boulder Nissan reduced CO2 emissions by 416,000 lbs. within the first year after installing their solar panels.

This is one of the most impressive solar energy case studies a small business has published in recent years. It shows that even small companies in rural communities can make a major difference by adapting solar energy.

2.     Valley Electric Association

In 2015, the Valley Electric Association (VEA) created an 80-acre solar garden. Before retiring from the legislature, U.S. Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid praised the new project as a way to make the state more energy dependent and reduce our carbon footprint.

“This facility will provide its customers with the opportunity to purchase 100 percent of their electricity from clean energy produced in Nevada,” Reid told reporters with the Pahrump Valley Times. “That’s a step forward for the Silver State, but it also proves that utilities can work with customers to provide clean renewable energy that they demand.”

The solar energy that VEA produced was drastically higher than anyone would have predicted. SolarWorld estimates that the solar garden created 32,680,000 kwh every year, which was enough to power nearly 4,000 homes.

This was a major undertaking for a purple state, which may inspire their peers throughout the Midwest to develop solar gardens of their own. It will reduce dependency on the electric grid, which is a problem for many remote states in the central part of the country.

3.     Las Vegas Casinos

A number of Las Vegas casinos have started investing in solar panels over the last couple of years. The Guardian reports that many of these casinos have cut costs considerably. Some of them are even selling the energy back to the grid.

“It’s no accident that we put the array on top of a conference center. This is good business for us,” Cindy Ortega, chief sustainability officer at MGM Resorts told Guardian reporters. “We are looking at leaving the power system, and one of the reasons for that is we can procure more renewable energy on the open market.”

There have been many benefits for casinos using solar energy. They are some of the most energy-intensive institutions in the world, so this has helped them become much more cost-effective. It also helps minimize disruptions to their customers learning online keno strategies in the event of any problems with the electric grid.

4.     Boston College

Boston College has been committed to many green initiatives over the years. A group of researchers experimented with solar cells on different parts of the campus to see where they could produce the most electricity. They discovered that the best locationwas at St. Clement’sHall. The solar cells there dramatically. It would also reduce CO2 emissions by 521,702 lbs. a year and be enough to save 10,869 trees.

Boston College is exploring new ways to expand their usage of solar cells. They may be able to invest in more effective solar panels that can generate far more solar energy.

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An Insight into the Principle of Hybrid Cars

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electric-car-charging-pavement-marking-by-paul-krueger-via-flickr

Which car would you like to go for if you are planning to buy one? Is it going to be Toyota’s Prius, Ford’s Fusion, Chevrolet’s Volt, or Porsche’s Cayenne? When I mention all these cars, I would like you to notice that all of them have something in common. Let me tell you what that common feature is. Each of these cars has a hybrid power train, which is nothing but a propulsion system that is quite famous because of the Prius.

From a consumer’s point of view, the feature provides automakers with a means of meeting the ever-tightening CAFE (an acronym for Corporate Average Fuel Economy) requirements. It also supports them to meet the anticipated limits of CO2 discharge. In case we dig deep into the history of hybrid cars, we figure out that the market of the United States of America (USA) has been hosting them since 1999. In fact, people have been looking for fuel-efficient cars, provided they are affordable.

What is Hybrid?

You must be wondering what exactly Hybrid in terms of cars is. Well, it’s nothing but a technology that utilizes more than one form of fuel or energy for propulsion. If a car utilizes two or more forms of energy for propulsion, then it is a Hybrid Car. More precisely, the car will have a traditional fuel tank and an internal combustion engine along with a battery pack associated with multiple electric motors.

The Principle of Hybrid Cars

The term Hybrid Cars is often confused with Electric cars due to the inability of individuals to interpret the difference between the operating principles of both. Let me tell you that Hybrid Cars, mostly, are machines that burn gasoline and utilize electric bits in order to collect and recycle energy, which the standard cars do not use at all. If we talk about practicality and fuel efficiency, a Diesel-Electric hybrid car is way too much efficient. However, the combination of hybrid system and Diesel Engine is quite costly.

Remember: Not all hybrids operate the same way since they do not possess hybrid attributes in similar standards. Instead, it’s the layout system that counts.

Below are various hybrid layout systems:

Series Hybrids

Being the first-ever hybrid type, these cars utilize ship, and locomotive a layout that was founded in the previous century. This hybrid type must have large motors installed since the motors turn the drive wheels. However, this is not a pure electric type of vehicle, as it burns the fuel because of a dedicated engine. The electricity onboard is produced by the engine that powers the generator.

Parallel Hybrids

These are the least expensive hybrid variants used in automotives. The engine’s output is blended together with the electric motor, upstream of the transmission, thereby propelling the vehicle after the engine dominates. The installation of the electric motor displays an additional cost, which may be adjusted later because it may be the only source of propulsion of the vehicle, when we talk about short distances.

Hybrids using Start/Stop Systems

This is another class of vehicles inspired by hybrids available in the market, which utilizes the start and stop system. Practically, these systems are ideal for hybrids, whereas these vehicles are not pure hybrids because they do not utilize the hybrid principle, i.e. the mechanism based on two or more power sources. In fact, they are preferably called micro-hybrids. A beefed-up starter motor in combination with a capacitor or battery is used for the start/stop functionality.

Well, you may not find your car running non-stop; it may ditch you anytime. An assurance of roadside assistance can be of a great help, irrespective of your geographical location. For assured assistance, make sure you have a valid insurance cover. Do compare insurance quotes online to get the best deal on insurance.

Concluding

Even though hybrid cars are recommended over conventional petrol or diesel cars, they do cost you an additional amount of money. Since you cannot overlook the cost always, it’s therefore your decision which car you would like to purchase or afford, in particular.

 

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The World’s Top Cities for Owning a Green Home

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Demand for green homes has risen sharply in recent years. Dodge Data & Analytics’ SmartMarket Report stated that over half of homebuilders project that 60% or more of the homes they build will be green within the next three years.

While the outlook for green home is surging throughout the world, growth is far from uniform. The outlook in some cities remains much stronger than others. Here are some of the best cities in the world for building or buying a green home.

Vancouver

Vancouver has a population of nearly 650,000 people. It has a surprisingly low levels of pollution for a city its size. According to research from Siemens, air quality is significantly better than most other communities of the same size. The city government has expressed a desire to improve air quality and reduce CO2 emissions even further. They expect to cut air pollution by 30% by 2020. Many people in the community have green homes and the government is likely to offer new incentives for green homes in the future.

Philadelphia

Philadelphia is rated as the best city in the United States to own a green home. Within a 12-month period, over one in three homes that were sold were environmentally friendly. Demand for green homes in Philadelphia is higher than other homes. The average green home costs 45% more than homes that lack green features.

Elliot Springs

Australia has begun making substantial progress on the green energy front in recent years. According to one company that offers house and land for sale near Townsville, a growing number of houses are built around sustainability.

Curitiba

Brazil is not known for its commitment to green energy. The city of Curitiba is an exception. Despite being surrounded by communities that lack its vision of a green renaissance, the Siemens report shows that the city is outperforming the global green living index.

Some indexes rank the city even higher. Grist ranks it as the third greenest city on earth.

“As a whole, the green urban areas in Curitiba are among the largest in the world and every inhabitant of the city has approximately 52 m² of nature to romp about in. Brazil’s green capital makes a tremendous effort to preserve the city’s natural environment and is regarded by many as one of the world’s best examples of green urban planning.”

Boston

When most people picture Boston, they usually envision a city filled with smog. This stereotype arises among people that have visited the city off and on over the last 50 years. However, it has made tremendous progress over the past decade and has started to become one of the greenest cities in the United States.

The changes are being driven in Fenway. This is one of the least developed areas of the city, so most new construction is focused on creating green building structures. Older parts of the city have existing housing, which is often decades old. After these buildings need to be replaced, the city will try to focus on green initiatives. This will help the city receive even more attention as a green city.

Copenhagen

Denmark as a whole is an incredibly green country. Few people own cars and homes are minimalistic, which reduces CO2 emissions. Copenhagen leads the charge in the country’s commitment to green living, so it is rated as the cleanest city in all of Europe.

Copenhagen hasn’t needed to make nearly as much effort to earn this title as most other cities, largely due to the culture that rejects decadence and embraces sustainability. Citizens have coordinated with the government to boost green living, but most of these conditions are driven by free market ideals. They haven’t needed to rely nearly as extensively on central planning as San Francisco and other Western cities.

Cultural Nodes Are Driving the Green Housing Market

Some of the largest cities in the world are embracing a cosmopolitan view that encourages green living. This is propelling demand for green housing in their areas and the rest of the world. People that want to buy a green home should consider investing in one of these areas.

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China Unexpectedly Emerging as Global Leader in Green Technology

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green technology

In the late 20th century, China underwent an amazing industrial revolution. However, in the process, it produced far more pollution, which raised concerns about global warming. The United Nations Environmental Council placed a lot of pressure on China to reduce its carbon footprint. It is clearly making headway now and may actually be a shining example for the rest of the world to follow.

China is Taking Environmental Concerns More Seriously than Ever Before

In recent years, China has made tremendous progress. In 2014, the World Bank praised the Chinese government for integrating forest development, biodiversity conservation and carbon reduction strategies. According to the World Bank analysis, china increased its forest cover by nearly 50% between the late 1980s and 2005. While analysts stated that those levels were still significantly below the global average, they stated that China is clearly headed in the right direction.

“China has long been a forest-poor country. Though its forest cover increased from 13 percent in the 1980s to 18.2 percent by 2005 thanks to an extensive plantations program, the hectare per capita of 0.13 remained significantly below the world average of 0.6.  With rapid economic growth, China’s forests came under intense pressure due to the growing demand for timber and pulpwood. The logging ban introduced by the government in 1998 further aggravated the wood shortage. This challenge was more acute in Guangxi, where combined with weak forest resources protection  resulted in a threat to its unique biodiversity including one of the largest and most important representatives of karst ecosystem in the world.”

The government’s policies to improve forest area and reduce carbon emissions are highly encouraging, but their new focus on green energy is even more impressive. In May, Premier Li Keqiang announced that the country is tapering steel production and relying less on coal-powered electricity. They have made substantial investments in wind and energy power, which are beginning to make a difference all over the world. They are also investing more heavily in solar. In fact, they developed the world’s largest floating solar plant.

Many environmental experts feel that the country has gone from being one of the worst contributors to climate change to a shining role model in the quest to save the environment.

What drove China to make these changes? The biggest incentive was the need to save it so when people from pollution. National Geographic reports that approximately 1.1 million people die from air pollution in China every year. The government needed to institute massive changes to reverse this epidemic.

Additional progress it is still needed

Nations around the world should applaud China for making such revolutionary changes to save its own citizens in the rest of the world. However, the country still needs to implement more changes to set itself on the right track.

The government has passed a number of regulations to improve air quality. However, many businesses have been reluctant to follow them.

The Ministry of Environmental Protection surveyed nearly 20,000 companies across northern China. They found that 70% of those companies or nearly 14,000 failed to meet environmental standards.

Some of the violations were fairly benign and easy to rectify. Others were far more severe. According to the report, which was published on a state new site, nearly 5,000 companies were operating in on off the rise locations or fail to secure the right environmental permits. The ministry of environmental protection states that stricter enforcement is necessary.

Despite the fact there are still areas for improvement, China is still headed in the right direction. It simply needs to examine some of the ongoing challenges and find new ways to save money.

China May Lead the World in the Fight Against Climate Change

Li Keqiang and other Chinese officials are taking environmental concerns far more seriously than their predecessors. The country is expected to roll out new policies in the future and may be one of the global leaders in the fight against climate change.

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