According to a new analysis by Green Budget Europe there has been no real progress towards reform on removing environmentally harmful subsidies in the first half of 2015 . Belgium and France have taken significant steps over the last month.
Member States meet in Luxembourg on Monday to discuss progress on removing environmentally harmful subsidies. However, the common EU process to track and cut subsidies is not being used by any Member State, and overall very few Member States are making progress.
“The reality is that Member States have failed to prepare plans and timetables to phase out their environmentally harmful subsidies, and share them with fellow EU governments and the public, despite being obliged to do so since 2013”, according to James Nix, Director of Green Budget Europe. The obligation on national governments is clear, stating that:
Member States should identify the most significant environmentally harmful subsidies pursuant to established methodologies (by 2012), and
Prepare plans and timetables to phase out environmentally harmful subsidies and report on these as part of their [annual] National Reform Programmes (by 2012 / 2013).
“A handful of Member States give some patchy information in their annual reform plans each April”, notes James Nix of Green Budget Europe, “but no Member State comes close to meeting the commitment”.
“It is hard to accept that such a critical commitment has been so roundly ignored to date”, said Nix, “but the months surrounding the Paris climate conference give governments a chance for a new departure. Member States can adopt a transparent and collaborative approach to phasing-out harmful subsidies as set out under the European Semester governance process. Public support for reform has been growing steadily and governments now have a strong backing to phase-out harmful subsidies.”
“We have to move beyond rhetoric and the key question now is delivery: how many Governments will publish details of their harmful subsidies, together with time-bound plans to phase them out when the next cycle of national reform plans is completed in April 2016?”
“Transparency, consultation and communication” are the key ingredients to successfully reform harmful subsidies, according to a background paper prepared for the meeting of EU Environment ministers on Monday [26 October].
An environmentally harmful subsidy lowers the price of a product or service below its true economic cost. Governments typically do this by using taxpayer funds to cut the cost of production, consumer prices, by under-taxation, or by a combination of these measures. Unless they are phased out, harmful subsidies will undermine Europe’s transition to a resource-efficient economy, hindering investment in renewable energy, for example. Removing subsidies for fossil fuels helps level the playing field with cleaner energy sources.
Belgium and France are taking positive steps, according to GBE. Belgium will equalise taxes on transport fuels, raising its diesel tax by 4c in 2016, another 4c in 2017 and 6c in 2018. This will better account for the health and environmental damage of diesel fuel, according to GBE. France also plans to close its 17.5 cent gap between diesel and petrol tax over the next 5 years.
Fossil fuel subsidies amount to €50 billion in Germany, €49 billion in Poland, €37 billion in UK, €27 bn in France, and €22 bn in Spain. Measured per person, Luxembourg and Bulgaria subsidise fossil fuels the most (in excess of €2,400 per person in both countries), according to the IMF (2015).
In 2015 the IMF found that the global elimination of post-tax subsidies could cut global CO2 emissions by more than 20%, and halve premature air pollution deaths. Removing harmful subsidies relating to water and land use will boost the quality of drinking water and bathing water, as well as improving the health of our soils and oceans.
“The machinery for Member States to track and cut their fossil fuel subsidies in parallel already exists, with all European countries collaborating towards the same goal. Now is the time for Member States to come clean and confirm they will publish time-bound plans to phase-out harmful subsidies in April 2016”, GBE concluded.