This week, it’s Daisy’s birthday, and as usual she wants a party. So Clare starts researching eco-parties and birthday gifts.
It’s exactly two weeks later when Dad, between calls to clients, manages to fit aerators to the taps and a newly bought shower head to the shower. Which is fortunate since Mum decided she couldn’t ban baths altogether after protests from Daisy, and after remembering how many half opened gift sets of bath stuff we have to get through.
The reason I know it’s exactly two weeks is because Daisy has been counting down to her 16th birthday. She and Mum have been discussing her party so the eco-friendly plan has been on hold.
In the meantime I’ve been trying to find Daisy an appropriate and eco-friendly gift. She hasn’t been very impressed with this going carbon neutral idea since I first mentioned it. I think she’s afraid it means we’re going to give up our ‘lifestyle’ and I want to show her, by buying her an awesome gift, that you can be green without being un-cool!
I’ve been searching all my favourite online eco shops and I am impressed with the range of stuff you can buy – there’s a futuristic metal bracelet made from 100% recycled aluminium, a cork laptop sleeve, earrings and necklaces made from reclaimed CDs and even a photo frame made from recycled vending cups! However, none of them are exactly in my price range, and I don’t think Daisy would like any of them.
I am still thinking about this dilemma at dinner, as I listen to Mum and Daisy talk about the party, or rather barbecue.
“So that’s six friends…” Mum frowns, putting down her fork.
“Seven friends Mum”, Daisy says.
“Alright. That’s 12 people, including us. We’ll need some disposable plates and plastic cups…”
“No! Mum!” I cry, “If you’re going to buy new paper plates and disposal cups buy eco-friendly ones. There are cups, straws and even bowls you can buy, that are made from cornstarch, but look like clear plastic, and are biodegradable!”
“Cornstarch?” Daisy says disbelievingly.
“Hey, in fact you should have an eco-friendly party. I’ve seen loads of cool eco stuff, I could organise it for you!”
My sister gives me a look that is a mixture of amusement and contempt.
“Clare you’re 11. You have no idea how to organise a party, let alone a good one.”
“But Clare has a point, we’ve said we’ll try and go carbon neutral, and that includes parties,” Mum says.
“Mum”, Daisy says sternly, “I am not having an eco party. I want something that at least looks a little glamourous, please. I don’t want brown recycled napkins that have bits in them.”
“Well, you can plan your party on your own then”, Mum says, taking a bite of pasta, “Using your own allowance money, too.”
“What!” Daisy cries,
“I promised you could have a party, and I am keeping that promise. But if you want me to organise and pay for it, with household money don’t forget, well… then my promise to Clare comes into effect”, Mum smiles slyly at Daisy. “In short, its your choice Daisy – a free eco party, or a glamourous barbecue paid out of your own pocket.”
Daisy looks stricken. I don’t know why Ben and Daisy try to argue sometimes. Mum’s a lawyer.
“Mum! You can’t! It’s my 16th!”
“Hear that”m Mum says mock gravely to Dad, “She’s going to be 16 next week.”
“High time she started paying her way then”, Dad nods.
“Alright”, Daisy huffs, “Fine. But if its horrible, I can take my friends out for a meal instead, yeah?”
“If you insist”, Mum sighs, “But its not going to be horrible. Have some faith in me and your sister.” And that was the end of the conservation.
By the next evening, when I join Mum in her office, I have thought about Daisy’s reaction and suggest we drop it. I don’t want to ruin her birthday, especially her 16th, which seems to be considered really important by some people at school. However, Mum seems sure it will be fine. The only thing she is concerned about is sticking to a budget.
“Your Dad’s planning the food, so that’s not a worry”, Mum says, “But I already have a great eco idea. It’ll cost a bit, but its reusable.
“That sounds great, what’s the idea?” I ask, feeling a bit better.
“I remember what you said about solar lights a few weeks ago, that most of the ones for sale are outdoor ones? Why don’t we buy a really nice set of solar lights to put in the tree in the back garden?”
“That’s a great idea!” I cry. We search the internet for nearly an hour after that, not because of lack of fairy lights, but because there is so much choice! In the end we pick a string of fifty white flower shaped solar fairy-lights.
Next we buy a party set of biodegradable plates, cups and wooden cutlery and suggest we use the normal tablecloths instead of paper ones. Then we find some biodegradable balloons, so we buy a pack of those. To save money, and start reusing our own stuff, I offer to make some paper lanterns with some wallpaper left over from re-decorating Daisy’s room last winter. Then we find the great idea of using living plants as table decorations and as party favours, so Mum suggests buying a lot of small daisy plants from a market stall, and wrapping the pots up in left over wrapping paper. Mum then signs up to a website that does some really stylish e-cards, that she can send out as invites.
“Well”, Mum says, sipping her coffee, “I think that’s all the décor all dealt with. Your Dad should have bought some organic meat at the butchers and a fair trade chocolate birthday cake… I’d say we’ve got this pretty well wrapped up.”
“Except I don’t have a present for Daisy”, I sigh, “I wanted to get her something eco-friendly, but I can’t find anything just right.”
“What about making something?” Mum suggests, typing into the search engine, “A recycled gift!”
Five minutes later Mum finds the perfect thing, and agrees to help me with it. I think its a wonderful idea – I just hope Daisy likes it.
Ben gets a part-time job, so the family goes to pick a bank where he can open his own account, and Clare discovers eco-banking and charity credit cards.
2017 Was the Most Expensive Year Ever for U.S. Natural Disaster Damage
Devastating natural disasters dominated last year’s headlines and made many wonder how the affected areas could ever recover. According to data from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the storms and other weather events that caused the destruction were extremely costly.
Specifically, the natural disasters recorded last year caused so much damage that the associated losses made 2017 the most expensive year on record in the 38-year history of keeping such data. The following are several reasons that 2017 made headlines for this notorious distinction.
Over a Dozen Events With Losses Totalling More Than $1 Billion Each
The NOAA reports that in total, the recorded losses equaled $306 billion, which is $90 billion more than the amount associated with 2005, the previous record holder. One of the primary reasons the dollar amount climbed so high last year is that 16 individual events cost more than $1 billion each.
Global Warming Contributed to Hurricane Harvey
Hurricane Harvey, one of two Category-4 hurricanes that made landfall in 2017, was a particularly expensive natural disaster. Nearly 800,000 people needed assistance after the storm. Hurricane Harvey alone cost $125 billion, with some estimates even higher than that. So far, the only hurricane more expensive than Harvey was Katrina.
Before Hurricane Harvey hit, scientists speculated climate change could make it worse. They discussed how rising ocean temperatures make hurricanes more intense, and warmer atmospheres have higher amounts of water vapor, causing larger rainfall totals.
Since then, a new study published in “Environmental Research Letters” confirmed climate change was indeed a factor that gave Hurricane Harvey more power. It found environmental conditions associated with global warming made the storm more severe and increase the likelihood of similar events.
That same study also compared today’s storms with ones from 1900. It found that compared to those earlier weather phenomena, Hurricane Harvey’s rainfall was 15 percent more intense and three times as likely to happen now versus in 1900.
Warming oceans are one of the contributing factors. Specifically, the ocean’s surface temperature associated with the region where Hurricane Harvey quickly transformed from a tropical storm into a Category 4 hurricane has become about 1 degree Fahrenheit warmer over the past few decades.
Michael Mann, a climatologist from Penn State University, believes that due to a relationship known as the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, there was about 3-5 percent more moisture in the air, which caused more rain. To complicate matters even more, global warming made sea levels rise by more than 6 inches in the Houston area over the past few decades. Mann also believes global warming caused the stationery summer weather patterns that made Hurricane Harvey stop moving and saturate the area with rain. Mann clarifies although global warming didn’t cause Hurricane Harvey as a whole, it exacerbated several factors of the storm.
Also, statistics collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from 1901-2015 found the precipitation levels in the contiguous 48 states had gone up by 0.17 inches per decade. The EPA notes the increase is expected because rainfall totals tend to go up as the Earth’s surface temperatures rise and additional evaporation occurs.
The EPA’s measurements about surface temperature indicate for the same timespan mentioned above for precipitation, the temperatures have gotten 0.14 Fahrenheit hotter per decade. Also, although the global surface temperature went up by 0.15 Fahrenheit during the same period, the temperature rise has been faster in the United States compared to the rest of the world since the 1970s.
Severe Storms Cause a Loss of Productivity
Many people don’t immediately think of one important factor when discussing the aftermath of natural disasters: the adverse impact on productivity. Businesses and members of the workforce in Houston, Miami and other cities hit by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma suffered losses that may total between $150-200 billion when both damage and sacrificed productivity are accounted for, according to estimates from Moody’s Analytics.
Some workers who decide to leave their homes before storms arrive delay returning after the immediate danger has passed. As a result of their absences, a labor-force shortage may occur. News sources posted stories highlighting that the Houston area might not have enough construction workers to handle necessary rebuilding efforts after Hurricane Harvey.
It’s not hard to imagine the impact heavy storms could have on business operations. However, companies that offer goods to help people prepare for hurricanes and similar disasters often find the market wants what they provide. While watching the paths of current storms, people tend to recall storms that took place years ago and see them as reminders to get prepared for what could happen.
Longer and More Disastrous Wildfires Require More Resources to Fight
The wildfires that ripped through millions of acres in the western region of the United States this year also made substantial contributions to the 2017 disaster-related expenses. The U.S. Forest Service, which is within the U.S. Department of Agriculture, reported 2017 as its costliest year ever and saw total expenditures exceeding $2 billion.
The agency anticipates the costs will grow, especially when they take past data into account. In 1995, the U.S. Forest Service spent 16 percent of its annual budget for wildfire-fighting costs, but in 2015, the amount ballooned to 52 percent. The sheer number of wildfires last year didn’t help matters either. Between January 1 and November 24 last year, 54,858 fires broke out.
2017: Among the Three Hottest Years Recorded
People cause the majority of wildfires, but climate change acts as another notable contributor. In addition to affecting hurricane intensity, rising temperatures help fires spread and make them harder to extinguish.
Data collected by the National Interagency Fire Center and published by the EPA highlighted a correlation between the largest wildfires and the warmest years on record. The extent of damage caused by wildfires has gotten worse since the 1980s, but became particularly severe starting in 2000 during a period characterized by some of the warmest years the U.S. ever recorded.
Things haven’t changed for the better, either. In mid-December of 2017, the World Meteorological Organization released a statement announcing the year would likely end as one of the three warmest years ever recorded. A notable finding since the group looks at global land and ocean temperature, not just statistics associated with the United States.
Not all the most financially impactful weather events in 2017 were hurricanes and wildfires. Some of the other issues that cost over $1 billion included a hailstorm in Colorado, tornados in several regions of the U.S. and substantial flooding throughout Missouri and Arkansas.
Although numerous factors gave these natural disasters momentum, scientists know climate change was a defining force — a reality that should worry just about everyone.
How to be More eco-Responsible in 2018
Nowadays, more and more people are talking about being more eco-responsible. There is a constant growth of information regarding the importance of being aware of ecological issues and the methods of using eco-friendly necessities on daily basis.
Have you been considering becoming more eco-responsible after the New Year? If so, here are some useful tips that could help you make the difference in the following year:
1. Energy – produce it, save it
If you’re building a house or planning to expand your living space, think before deciding on the final square footage. Maybe you don’t really need that much space. Unnecessary square footage will force you to spend more building materials, but it will also result in having to use extra heating, air-conditioning, and electricity in it.
It’s even better if you seek professional help to reduce energy consumption. An energy audit can provide you some great piece of advice on how to save on your energy bills.
While buying appliances such as a refrigerator or a dishwasher, make sure they have “Energy Star” label on, as it means they are energy-efficient.
Regarding the production of energy, you can power your home with renewable energy. The most common way is to install rooftop solar panels. They can be used for producing electricity, as well as heat for the house. If powering the whole home is a big step for you, try with solar oven then – they trap the sunlight in order to heat food! Solar air conditioning is another interesting thing to try out – instead of providing you with heat, it cools your house!
2. Don’t be just another tourist
Think about the environment, as well your own enjoyment – try not to travel too far, as most forms of transport contribute to the climate change. Choose the most environmentally friendly means of transport that you can, as well as environmentally friendly accommodation. If you can go to a destination that is being recommended as an eco-travel destination – even better! Interesting countries such as Zambia, Vietnam or Nicaragua are among these destinations that are famous for its sustainability efforts.
3. Let your beauty be also eco-friendly
We all want to look beautiful. Unfortunately, sometimes (or very often) it comes with a price. Cruelty-free cosmetics are making its way on the world market but be careful with the labels – just because it says a product hasn’t been tested on animals, it doesn’t mean that some of the product’s ingredients haven’t been tested on some poor animal.
To be sure which companies definitely stay away from the cruel testing on animals, check PETA Bunny list of cosmetic companies just to make sure which ones are truly and completely cruelty-free.
It’s also important if a brand uses toxic ingredients. Brands such as Tata Harper Skincare or Dr Bronner’s use only organic ingredients and biodegradable packaging, as well as being cruelty-free. Of course, this list is longer, so you’ll have to do some online research.
4. Know thy recycling
People often make mistakes while wanting to do something good for the environment. For example, plastic grocery bags, take-out containers, paper coffee cups and shredded paper cannot be recycled in your curb for many reasons, so don’t throw them into recycling bins. The same applies to pizza boxes, household glass, ceramics, and pottery – whether they are contaminated by grease or difficult to recycle, they just can’t go through the usual recycling process.
People usually forget to do is to rinse plastic and metal containers – they always have some residue, so be thorough. Also, bottle caps are allowed, too, so don’t separate them from the bottles. However, yard waste isn’t recyclable, so any yard waste or junk you are unsure of – just contact rubbish removal services instead of piling it up in public containers or in your own yard.
5. Fashion can be both eco-friendly and cool
Believe it or not, there are actually places where you can buy clothes that are eco-friendly, sustainable, as well as ethical. And they look cool, too! Companies like Everlane are very transparent about where their clothes are manufactured and how the price is set. PACT is another great company that uses non-GMO, organic cotton and non-toxic dyes for their clothing, while simultaneously using renewable energy factories. Soko is a company that uses natural and recycled materials in making their clothes and jewelry.
All in all
The truth is – being eco-responsible can be done in many ways. There are tons of small things we could change when it comes to our habits that would make a positive influence on the environment. The point is to start doing research on things that can be done by every person and it can start with the only thing that person has the control of – their own household.
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