Experts from the UK and the US have made it clear that the global warming ‘slowdown’, often pointed as evidence that climate change is not happening, “does not invalidate” the scientific reality of climate variations due to human activities.
Scientists from both sides of the Atlantic have come together to release a guide on the state of climate change science, to inform policymakers in the US and in the UK.
They make clear that the slowdown in global warming, witnessed since 1998, “does not invalidate our understanding of long-term changes in global temperature arising from human-induced changes in greenhouse gases”.
They add, “Despite the decadal slowdown in the rise of average surface temperature, a longer-term warming trend is still evident. Each of the last three decades was warmer than any other decade since widespread thermometer measurements were introduced in the 1850s.
“The continuing effects of the warming climate are also seen in the increasing trends in ocean heat content and sea level, as well as in the continued melting of Arctic sea ice, glaciers and the Greenland ice sheet.”
A slowdown in global warming has often been use as an argument by climate change sceptics. However, scientists have explained that the phenomenon has been due to the cooling influence of the Pacific and volcanic activity that has contributed to reflect sunlight.
The document adds, “The combination of these factors, both the interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere and the forcing from the Sun and aerosols, is thought likely to be responsible for the recent slowdown in surface warming.”