A road trip is a great way to spend a vacation. Road trips are generally inexpensive, entertaining and sociable, as they give you plenty of time to make stronger bonds with your fellow travelers. When you’re planning everything that needs to be done before and during the trip, it’s easy to forget about environmental issues. Patricia Dimick writes.
Although we might not be aware of it, road trips and the environment are intertwined. As you consider what to pack, your driving route and your vehicle’s fuel economy, consider making some extra efforts to reduce your carbon footprint and care for nature.
Consider your travel mates, the duration of your trip, your destination and its weather conditions and then make a careful list of what you’ll really need for your trip. Remove all the unnecessary items from you list and get any unneeded items out of your vehicle. The extra weight of clutter has a negative impact on your car’s fuel economy. Also try to avoid using a rooftop cargo carrier, as its weight and shape lower your car’s fuel efficiency, even if the carrier is empty.
When you choose a destination, map out the route before leaving home. Find the quickest route to save on money, lower fuel use and minimize your carbon footprint. The U.S. Environmental Protection agency states that emissions from U.S. vehicles increased by 2.0 percent from 2012 to 2013.
One of the main causes was the increase in miles traveled on the road. Plan your pit stops strategically too. Do some Internet research to find farmer’s markets or shops along the way where you can stop for lunch, take a break and go for a walk to stretch your legs. Setting out on foot lets you explore the local community and enjoy local treasures. Pack some travel friendly and healthy food like nuts, dried and fresh fruits and granola that don’t require refrigeration. Keep your snacks in reusable containers. Try filling reusable travel bottles with water to avoid the waste produced by disposable plastic water bottles. These strategies help you avoid extra stops at the convenience store and you won’t have to buy any individually wrapped snacks that have wasteful packaging.
Check Your Vehicle
An ideal vehicle for an eco-friendly road trip would be an electric or hybrid car. Their fuel efficiency and environmental friendliness produce lower harmful emissions and some produce no pollutants whatsoever. Many rental car services offer hybrid models, so even if you don’t own one yourself, you can still enjoy their benefits. No matter what kind of a vehicle you’re traveling in, there are certain things you can do that will minimize the amount of damage your trip causes to the environment.
A thorough tune-up before you leave helps increase the car’s fuel efficiency and prolongs its lifespan. Getting your car serviced before you hit the road also helps prevent small malfunctions that negatively impact your fuel economy. For example, a blocked air filter lowers fuel economy by 20 percent. Improperly inflated tires can lower mileage by 0.4 percent for each PSI (pound per square inch) drop in pressure of all four tires, as the tires and road have too much tension between them. Under inflated tires also wear out faster and make your car more difficult to handle. Improperly inflated tires also lead to increased greenhouse emissions and air pollution.
Your Driving Style and Habits
Your driving style and habits, such as abrupt braking, hitting the gas and accelerating rapidly increase your carbon footprint. Whenever you’re stopped for more than 2 minutes, turn off your car’s engine. Idling also uses gas and there is no sudden surge of emissions when your car’s engine starts up. Use the cruise control feature as much as you can, as maintaining a steady rate of speed helps your car use gasoline more efficiently.
The vehicle’s cooling system is also a major contributor to global warming. The air conditioner uses a lot of fuel to function and pumps out hot air into the local atmosphere, where it creates heat zones that lead to abnormal weather patterns. Because most automobile air conditioners still rely upon hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, these effects are greater than what your home’s more environmentally friendly air conditioning system does. The emissions from your car’s air conditioner have more powerful greenhouse effects due to the ozone depleting chemicals and the carbon dioxide it releases.
When you can, drive with the windows closed, as this lowers drag on the car. Act strategically based upon the outdoor temperature. If it’s warm, try to park in the shade and open your windows during your pit stops. Avoid using the car’s heater unless it’s absolutely needed. When you do use it, only turn it on for short periods of time. Try out car covers or even tarps to protect your car overnight. You could also have a solar powered fan installed inside your vehicle. These don’t use electricity or fuel and they can help eliminate heat buildup and provide good air circulation even with the windows closed. The on-board gadgets like navigational systems, touch screens or Wi-Fi connections also consume fuel and are a drain on your car’s battery.
Traveling in your own car on a road trip is one of the most comfortable and enjoyable ways to explore the world. You get to set the schedule, locations, pit stops and detours along the way, giving you freedom and independence. While enjoying yourself on the road, it’s important to keep the environment in mind because all the cars and trucks on the roads make a considerable impact on pollution and climate change. Today’s automobile manufacturers are also becoming more environmentally conscious, making it easier for you to make environmentally friendly choices, adding up to those of other individuals.
BIO: Patricia Dimick is a Denver-based freelance writer and a stay-at-home mother. As a passionate green living advocate, she enjoys exploring and writing about anything eco-friendly related, whether in theory or from her own experience. Photo: Image credit to Jon on Flickr
These 5 Green Office Mistakes Are Costing You Money
The sudden interest in green business is very encouraging. According to recent reports, 42% of all companies have rated sustainability as an important element of their business. Unfortunately, the focus on sustainability will only last if companies can find ways to use it to boost their ROI.
Many businesses get so caught up in being socially conscious that they hope the financial aspect of it takes care of itself. The good news is that there are plenty of ways to go green and boost your net income at the same time.
Here are some important mistakes that you will want to avoid.
Only implementing sustainability on micro-scale
The biggest reason that brands are going green is to improve their optics with their customers. Too many businesses are making very minor changes, such as processing paperwork online and calling themselves green.
Customers have become wary of these types of companies. If you want to earn their business, you are going to need to go all the way. Bring in a green business consultant and make every feasible change to demonstrate that you are a green organization from top to bottom.
Not prioritizing investments by long-term ROI
It isn’t realistic to build an entirely green organization overnight. You will need to allocate your capital wisely.
Before investing in any green assets or services, you should always conduct a long-term cost benefit analysis. The initial investment for some green services may be over $20,000. If they don’t shave your cost by at least $3,000 a year, they probably aren’t worth the investment.
Determine which green investments will have the best pay off over the next 10 years. Make these investments before anything else. Then compare your options within each of those categories.
Implementing green changes without a plan
Effective, long-term planning is the key to business success. This principle needs to be applied to green organizations as well.
Before implementing a green strategy, you must answer the following questions:
- How will I communicate my green business philosophy to my customers?
- How will running a green business affect my revenue stream?
- How will adopting green business strategies change my monthly expenses? Will they increase or decrease them?
- How will my company finance green upgrades and other investments?
The biggest mistake that too many green businesses make is being overly optimistic with these forecasts. Take the time to collect objective data and make your decisions accordingly. This will help you run a much more profitable green business.
Not considering the benefits of green printing
Too many companies believe that going paperless is the only way to run a green organization. Unfortunately, going 100% paperless it’s not feasible for most companies.
Rather than aim for an unrealistic goal, consider the option of using a more environmentally friendly printer. It won’t be perfect, but it will be better than the alternative.
According to experts from Doranix, environmental printers have several benefits:
- They can process paper that has been completely recycled.
- They consume less energy than traditional printers.
- They use ink that is more environmentally friendly.
You want to take a look at different green printers and compare them. You’ll find that some will meet your needs as a green business.
Poorly communicating your green business strategy to customers
Brand positioning doesn’t happen on its own. If you want to run a successful green business, you must communicate your message to customers as clearly as possible. You must also avoid the appearance that you are patronizing them.
The best approach is to be clear when you were first making the change. I’ll make an announcement about your company‘s commitment to sustainability.
You also want to reinforce this message overtime by using green labels on all of your products. You don’t have to be blatant with your messaging at this stage. Simply provide a small, daily reminder on your products and invoices.
Finally, it is a good idea to participate in green business seminars and other events. If your community has a local Green Chamber of Commerce, you should consider joining as well.
2017 Was the Most Expensive Year Ever for U.S. Natural Disaster Damage
Devastating natural disasters dominated last year’s headlines and made many wonder how the affected areas could ever recover. According to data from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the storms and other weather events that caused the destruction were extremely costly.
Specifically, the natural disasters recorded last year caused so much damage that the associated losses made 2017 the most expensive year on record in the 38-year history of keeping such data. The following are several reasons that 2017 made headlines for this notorious distinction.
Over a Dozen Events With Losses Totalling More Than $1 Billion Each
The NOAA reports that in total, the recorded losses equaled $306 billion, which is $90 billion more than the amount associated with 2005, the previous record holder. One of the primary reasons the dollar amount climbed so high last year is that 16 individual events cost more than $1 billion each.
Global Warming Contributed to Hurricane Harvey
Hurricane Harvey, one of two Category-4 hurricanes that made landfall in 2017, was a particularly expensive natural disaster. Nearly 800,000 people needed assistance after the storm. Hurricane Harvey alone cost $125 billion, with some estimates even higher than that. So far, the only hurricane more expensive than Harvey was Katrina.
Before Hurricane Harvey hit, scientists speculated climate change could make it worse. They discussed how rising ocean temperatures make hurricanes more intense, and warmer atmospheres have higher amounts of water vapor, causing larger rainfall totals.
Since then, a new study published in “Environmental Research Letters” confirmed climate change was indeed a factor that gave Hurricane Harvey more power. It found environmental conditions associated with global warming made the storm more severe and increase the likelihood of similar events.
That same study also compared today’s storms with ones from 1900. It found that compared to those earlier weather phenomena, Hurricane Harvey’s rainfall was 15 percent more intense and three times as likely to happen now versus in 1900.
Warming oceans are one of the contributing factors. Specifically, the ocean’s surface temperature associated with the region where Hurricane Harvey quickly transformed from a tropical storm into a Category 4 hurricane has become about 1 degree Fahrenheit warmer over the past few decades.
Michael Mann, a climatologist from Penn State University, believes that due to a relationship known as the Clausius-Clapeyron equation, there was about 3-5 percent more moisture in the air, which caused more rain. To complicate matters even more, global warming made sea levels rise by more than 6 inches in the Houston area over the past few decades. Mann also believes global warming caused the stationery summer weather patterns that made Hurricane Harvey stop moving and saturate the area with rain. Mann clarifies although global warming didn’t cause Hurricane Harvey as a whole, it exacerbated several factors of the storm.
Also, statistics collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from 1901-2015 found the precipitation levels in the contiguous 48 states had gone up by 0.17 inches per decade. The EPA notes the increase is expected because rainfall totals tend to go up as the Earth’s surface temperatures rise and additional evaporation occurs.
The EPA’s measurements about surface temperature indicate for the same timespan mentioned above for precipitation, the temperatures have gotten 0.14 Fahrenheit hotter per decade. Also, although the global surface temperature went up by 0.15 Fahrenheit during the same period, the temperature rise has been faster in the United States compared to the rest of the world since the 1970s.
Severe Storms Cause a Loss of Productivity
Many people don’t immediately think of one important factor when discussing the aftermath of natural disasters: the adverse impact on productivity. Businesses and members of the workforce in Houston, Miami and other cities hit by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma suffered losses that may total between $150-200 billion when both damage and sacrificed productivity are accounted for, according to estimates from Moody’s Analytics.
Some workers who decide to leave their homes before storms arrive delay returning after the immediate danger has passed. As a result of their absences, a labor-force shortage may occur. News sources posted stories highlighting that the Houston area might not have enough construction workers to handle necessary rebuilding efforts after Hurricane Harvey.
It’s not hard to imagine the impact heavy storms could have on business operations. However, companies that offer goods to help people prepare for hurricanes and similar disasters often find the market wants what they provide. While watching the paths of current storms, people tend to recall storms that took place years ago and see them as reminders to get prepared for what could happen.
Longer and More Disastrous Wildfires Require More Resources to Fight
The wildfires that ripped through millions of acres in the western region of the United States this year also made substantial contributions to the 2017 disaster-related expenses. The U.S. Forest Service, which is within the U.S. Department of Agriculture, reported 2017 as its costliest year ever and saw total expenditures exceeding $2 billion.
The agency anticipates the costs will grow, especially when they take past data into account. In 1995, the U.S. Forest Service spent 16 percent of its annual budget for wildfire-fighting costs, but in 2015, the amount ballooned to 52 percent. The sheer number of wildfires last year didn’t help matters either. Between January 1 and November 24 last year, 54,858 fires broke out.
2017: Among the Three Hottest Years Recorded
People cause the majority of wildfires, but climate change acts as another notable contributor. In addition to affecting hurricane intensity, rising temperatures help fires spread and make them harder to extinguish.
Data collected by the National Interagency Fire Center and published by the EPA highlighted a correlation between the largest wildfires and the warmest years on record. The extent of damage caused by wildfires has gotten worse since the 1980s, but became particularly severe starting in 2000 during a period characterized by some of the warmest years the U.S. ever recorded.
Things haven’t changed for the better, either. In mid-December of 2017, the World Meteorological Organization released a statement announcing the year would likely end as one of the three warmest years ever recorded. A notable finding since the group looks at global land and ocean temperature, not just statistics associated with the United States.
Not all the most financially impactful weather events in 2017 were hurricanes and wildfires. Some of the other issues that cost over $1 billion included a hailstorm in Colorado, tornados in several regions of the U.S. and substantial flooding throughout Missouri and Arkansas.
Although numerous factors gave these natural disasters momentum, scientists know climate change was a defining force — a reality that should worry just about everyone.
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