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Opposition leaders’ debate #GE2015

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Starting at 8pm last night, running through the 90 minute opposition leaders’ debate, post-debate spin room coverage, the 10pm news, Question Time and This Week, there were nearly five hours of political porn. Great for political junkies but we won’t know until 8th May if it engaged any of the millions who won’t vote or are not registered to do so.

NB: There are three days left to register to vote. Don’t lose you vote and don’t let family members lose their vote. Registering takes no more than five minutes.

Last night the leaders of the five mainland Britain opposition parties debated. In three weeks we will wake up with a constitutional headache. Collectively we will have voted for the balance of power between parties, almost certainly giving no party an overall majority. We are then in the hands of those we elect to decide who can form a government and command the confidence of the Commons.

In advance of the debate, the BBC’s poll-of-polls (16 April) gave the Conservatives and Labour 34% each. The LibDems stand at 8%, UKIP at 14%. In Scotland, the latest poll-of-polls (9 April) gave the SNP 48%, Labour 27% and Conservatives 15%. On Monday, a TNS BMRB poll gave the SNP 52%.

UKIP’s Nigel Farage played to type by seeing “left-wing” BBC bias in the audience selection and bringing everything back to Europe and immigration. SNP’s Nicola Sturgeon was once again arguably the strongest performer and forcefully argued for a Labour-SNP deal after the election. The Green’s Natalie Bennett has sharpened her game and gave a storming opening address and was the only panellist to mention climate change. Plaid Cymru’s Leanne Woods had another pop at Nigel and pointed out Wales’s central government funding disadvantage. The more you see of Ed Miliband the less accurate media caricatures are proving to be – he can be impressive.

All the party leaders condemned the Conservative’s David Cameron for missing the debate. In advance of the debate Mr Clegg said he had been “denied the opportunity” to speak because David Cameron had not wanted to take part. The Greens, Plaid Cymru and SNP all declared that they would not support a Conservative government and held out a hand to Labour to form a centre-left alliance. UKIP’s Farage said he would support Labour if they promised a referendum on Europe, which seems unlikely.

A snap survation poll afterwards gave Ed Miliband (won the argument) and Nicola Sturgeon (best participant) the victor, although expect The Daily Telegraph to call it for the Conservatives in the weekend’s headlines.

We are heading for a hung, rainbow parliament. On the 7th April, Electoral Calculus predicted Labour would only just be the largest party but 44 seats short of an overall majority – you need 326 sears to have a majority. Unless there is a significant shift in the polls, their prediction of seats makes a Labour-SNP deal seems inevitable.

Party

Seats

Labour

282

Conservatives

280

SNP

48

LibDems

17

Plaid Cymru

3

UKIP

1

Green

1

Northern Ireland

18

The narrowness of the polls gives the electorate an enormous amount of power. We can’t be taken for granted in 2015 and every vote will count. As we pointed out in January, no MP in 2010 secured a majority of their constituency’s electorate. Not voting tends to be the winner. We have a stark choice to make.

Being informed about the policies of the parties and seeing which party you agree with most using a tool such as voteforpolicies.org.uk is vital. Deciding on the party you want to represent you or the one you least want to represent you in coalition discussions means looking at the balance of support in your local constituency. Who can win? Deciding who you would have confidence in as our Prime Minister and their Deputy means researching the leaders and not accepting media caricatures. We are the sixth largest economy in the world, with the fifth largest military budget and a nuclear power. Our decision matters.

There are three days left to register to vote. Don’t lose it. Registering takes no more than three minutes.

Vote on Thursday 7th May and cross your fingers that we’ll wake up on the 8th with politicians mature and flexible enough to create a sustainable government that governs in the interest of everyone especially our children’s economic, social and environmental inheritance.

Photo: Khairil Zhafri via Flickr

Further reading:

General election: Green Party turns to the crowd to raise funds

Vote for Policies launches ahead of General Election

General election: quarter would switch vote based on climate change policy

Sustainability could hold the key to 2015 general election result

Energy

7 New Technologies That Could Radically Change Our Energy Consumption

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Energy Consumption
Shutterstock Licensed Photo - By Syda Productions | https://www.shutterstock.com/g/dolgachov

Most of our focus on technological development to lessen our environmental impact has been focused on cleaner, more efficient methods of generating electricity. The cost of solar energy production, for example, is slated to fall more than 75 percent between 2010 and 2020.

This is a massive step forward, and it’s good that engineers and researchers are working for even more advancements in this area. But what about technologies that reduce the amount of energy we demand in the first place?

Though it doesn’t get as much attention in the press, we’re making tremendous progress in this area, too.

New Technologies to Watch

These are some of the top emerging technologies that have the power to reduce our energy demands:

  1. Self-driving cars. Self-driving cars are still in development, but they’re already being hailed as potential ways to eliminate a number of problems on the road, including the epidemic of distracted driving ironically driven by other new technologies. However, even autonomous vehicle proponents often miss the tremendous energy savings that self-driving cars could have on the world. With a fleet of autonomous vehicles at our beck and call, consumers will spend less time driving themselves and more time carpooling, dramatically reducing overall fuel consumption once it’s fully adopted.
  2. Magnetocaloric tech. The magnetocaloric effect isn’t exactly new—it was actually discovered in 1881—but it’s only recently being studied and applied to commercial appliances. Essentially, this technology relies on changing magnetic fields to produce a cooling effect, which could be used in refrigerators and air conditioners to significantly reduce the amount of electricity required.
  3. New types of insulation. Insulation is the best asset we have to keep our homes thermoregulated; they keep cold or warm air in (depending on the season) and keep warm or cold air out (again, depending on the season). New insulation technology has the power to improve this efficiency many times over, decreasing our need for heating and cooling entirely. For example, some new automated sealing technologies can seal gaps between 0.5 inches wide and the width of a human hair.
  4. Better lights. Fluorescent bulbs were a dramatic improvement over incandescent bulbs, and LEDs were a dramatic improvement over fluorescent bulbs—but the improvements may not end there. Scientists are currently researching even better types of light bulbs, and more efficient applications of LEDs while they’re at it.
  5. Better heat pumps. Heat pumps are built to transfer heat from one location to another, and can be used to efficiently manage temperatures—keeping homes warm while requiring less energy expenditure. For example, some heat pumps are built for residential heating and cooling, while others are being used to make more efficient appliances, like dryers.
  6. The internet of things. The internet of things and “smart” devices is another development that can significantly reduce our energy demands. For example, “smart” windows may be able to respond dynamically to changing light conditions to heat or cool the house more efficiently, and “smart” refrigerators may be able to respond dynamically to new conditions. There are several reasons for this improvement. First, smart devices automate things, so it’s easier to control your energy consumption. Second, they track your consumption patterns, so it’s easier to conceptualize your impact. Third, they’re often designed with efficiency in mind from the beginning, reducing energy demands, even without the high-tech interfaces.
  7. Machine learning. Machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have the power to improve almost every other item on this list. By studying consumer patterns and recommending new strategies, or automatically controlling certain features, machine learning algorithms have the power to fundamentally change how we use energy in our homes and businesses.

Making the Investment

All technologies need time, money, and consumer acceptance to be developed. Fortunately, a growing number of consumers are becoming enthusiastic about finding new ways to reduce their energy consumption and overall environmental impact. As long as we keep making the investment, our tools to create cleaner energy and demand less energy in the first place should have a massive positive effect on our environment—and even our daily lives.

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Environment

Two Ancient Japanese Philosophies Are the Future of Eco-Living

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Eco-Living
Shutterstock Photos - By Syda Productions | https://www.shutterstock.com/g/dolgachov

Our obsession with all things new has blighted the planet. We have a waste crisis, particularly when it comes to plastic. US scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made – 8.3 billion tons! Unfortunately, only 9% of this is estimated to have been recycled. And current global trends point to there being 12 billion tons of plastic waste by 2050.

However, two ancient Japanese philosophies are providing an antidote to the excesses of modern life. By emphasizing the elimination of waste and the acceptance of the old and imperfect, the concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi have positively influenced Japanese life for centuries.

They are now making their way into the consciousness of the Western mainstream, with an increasing influence in the UK and US. By encouraging us to be frugal with our possessions, (i.e. using natural materials for interior design) these concepts can be the future of eco-living.

What is Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai??

Wabi-Sabi emphasizes an acceptance of transience and imperfection. Although Wabi had the original meaning of sad and lonely, it has come to describe those that are simple, unmaterialistic and at one with nature. The term Sabi is defined as the “the bloom of time”, and has evolved into a new meaning: taking pleasure and seeing beauty in things that are old and faded. 

Any flaws in objects, like cracks or marks, are cherished because they illustrate the passage of time. Wear and tear is seen as a representation of their loving use. This makes it intrinsically linked to Wabi, due to its emphasis on simplicity and rejection of materialism.

In the West, Wabi-Sabi has infiltrated many elements of daily life, from cuisine to interior design. Specialist Japanese homeware companies, like Sansho, source handmade products that embody the Wabi-Sabi philosophy. Their products, largely made from natural materials, are handcrafted by traditional Japanese artisans – meaning no two pieces are the same and no two pieces are “perfect” in size or shape.

Mottainai

Mottainai is a term expressing a feeling of regret concerning waste, translating roughly in English to either “what a waste!” or “Don’t waste!”. The philosophy emphasizes the intrinsic value of a resource or object, and is linked to hinto animism, the notion that all objects have a spirit, or ‘kami’. The idea that we are part of nature is a key part of Japanese psychology.

Mottainai also has origins in Buddhist philosophy. The Buddhist monastic tradition emphasizes a life of frugality, to allow us to concentrate on attaining enlightenment. It is from this move towards frugality that a link to Mottainai as a concept of waste can be made.

How have Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai promoted eco living?

Wabi-Sabi is still a prominent feature of Japanese life today, and has remained instrumental in the way people design their homes. The ideas of imperfection and frugality are hugely influential.

For example, instead of buying a brand-new kitchen table, many Japanese people instead retain a table that has been passed through the generations. Although its long use can be seen by various marks and scratches, Wabi-Sabi has taught people that they should value it because of its imperfect nature. Those scratches and marks are a story and signify the passage of time. This is a far cry from what we typically associate with the Western World.

Like Wabi Sabi, Mottainai is manifested throughout Japanese life, creating a great respect for Japanese resources. This has had a major impact on home design. For example, the Japanese prefer natural materials in their homes, such as using soil and dried grass as thermal insulation.

Their influence in the UK

The UK appears to be increasingly influenced by thes two concepts. Some new reports indicate that Wabi Sabi has been labelled as ‘the trend of 2018’. For example, Japanese ofuro baths inspired the project that won the New London Architecture’s 2017 Don’t Move, Improve award. Ofuro baths are smaller than typical baths, use less water, and are usually made out of natural materials, like hinoki wood.

Many other UK properties have also been influenced by these philosophies, such as natural Kebony wood being applied to the external cladding of a Victorian property in Hampstead; or a house in Lancaster Gate using rice paper partitions as sub-dividers. These examples embody the spirit of both philosophies. They are representative of Mottainai because of their use of natural resources to discourage waste. And they’re reflective of Wabi-Sabi because they accept imperfect materials that have not been engineered or modified.

In a world that is plagued by mass over-consumption and an incessant need for novelty, the ancient concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi provide a blueprint for living a more sustainable life. They help us to reduce consumption and put less of a strain on the planet. This refreshing mindset can help us transform the way we go about our day to day lives.

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