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Climate change will have a ‘major impact’ on food production



Patrick Elf speaks with Peter Andrews, sustainability executive at the Food and Drink Federation (FDF), on how to feed people sustainably given the serious and numerous social and environmental challenges we face.

FDF is the voice of the UK food and drinks manufacturing industry, with members such as Mondelez, PepsiCo, Mars and a range of smaller businesses. As the UK’s largest manufacturing sector, the food and drink industry has huge potential for change – but what is it doing to overcome some of the obstacles?

What got you interested about working in sustainability?

It wasn’t a ‘follow the frog‘ moment of quitting my old job and setting off to single-handedly save the rainforest, but rather a growing realisation that I need to be working with businesses to be at the forefront of a shift to a more sustainable approach to development – one that meets shared goals of business growth, social improvements and positive environmental outcomes.

When we talk about sustainability, the list of challenges seems to be infinite. What do you see as the main challenge for the food sector?

Peter Andrews, FDF

Food and drink production is one of the most weather dependent economic activities we have, which means climate change is going to have a major impact on our future ability to produce.

The challenge for our sector is not only mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions to minimise further changes, but also the need to adapt our practices in an uncertain climate and increase food production sustainably. This is vital if we are to feed the predicted nine billion people by 2050.

How does FDF support sustainable development, and how does it ensure that its members are aware of these future challenges?

FDF’s strapline is “Delivering Sustainable Growth”. To us, this means decoupling environmental impacts from economic growth. Our Five-fold Environmental Ambition is a framework of targets for the industry to reduce CO2 emissions, waste and water and optimise packaging and distribution.

We publish guidance to help our members reduce their environmental impacts – so far we’ve cut CO2 emissions by 32% since 1990 – and we work with stakeholders to both ensure the business environment encourages sustainable practices and that future challenges are well prepared for.

With large parts of the developing world suffering from poor diets and even extreme starvation, what does the future of food look like?

The positive news is that by 2030, the population of the world’s middle classes is expected to have more than doubled from 2 billion today to 4.9 billion. This lifting of millions of people out of poverty, mainly in China and India but also sub-Saharan Africa, is extraordinary and unprecedented in this timescale. These people will have the means to live more comfortable lifestyles.

The challenge – and opportunity – for the food industry will be to meet the greater consumption demand that comes with higher levels of affluence.

Will these new middle classes aspire to so-called western diets of more meat and dairy consumption? Will current land availability and technology be sufficient to meet demand? How will the world’s poorest be affected? All of these questions will need to be answered, not just by the food industry, but by governments, international organisations and the scientific community, too.

What ideas or innovations do you think can change or have already changed the food sector for the better?

The food and drink industry is immensely innovative: in the UK we see 6,000-8,000 new products come on to the market each year.

Focus on resource efficiency has led to companies exploring novel solutions to both present and future challenges. For example PepsiCo’s work on extracting water from raw materials (e.g. potatoes) and recycling it for use in factory processes instead of mains water, or Coca-Cola’s PlantBottle that uses bioplastics as an alternative to petroleum-based plastics, or Unilever’s use of biogas from its anaerobic digester to power its boilers and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

With so much going on and so many challenges to face, who or what are the drivers for change in the food sector?

In addition to individual companies, there are many other stakeholders driving change in the food industry, including consumers, investors, government and NGOs. Change is also driven by forces such as population growth, climate change, competition and resource scarcity, to name but a few.

As a trade association, FDF engages with all of these stakeholders on all of these issues and more, helping businesses in our industry to prepare for the challenges ahead. Many of these challenges can only be effectively addressed through multi-stakeholder collaboration and that’s where I feel acknowledgement of a shared goal is immensely powerful.

Peter Andrews is sustainability executive at the Food and Drink Federation.

Photo: Timo Balk via freeimages

Further reading:

World needs to sustainably produce 70% more food by 2050

Feeding the world sustainably means investing in better solutions

How Britain’s biggest supermarkets fare on sustainability

Consumers have ‘immense power’ to make food sustainable

How fruit and veg auctions are putting ‘real food’ on tables every day


New Zealand to Switch to Fully Renewable Energy by 2035



renewable energy policy
Shutterstock Licensed Photo - By Eviart /

New Zealand’s prime minister-elect Jacinda Ardern is already taking steps towards reducing the country’s carbon footprint. She signed a coalition deal with NZ First in October, aiming to generate 100% of the country’s energy from renewable sources by 2035.

New Zealand is already one of the greenest countries in the world, sourcing over 80% of its energy for its 4.7 million people from renewable resources like hydroelectric, geothermal and wind. The majority of its electricity comes from hydro-power, which generated 60% of the country’s energy in 2016. Last winter, renewable generation peaked at 93%.

Now, Ardern is taking on the challenge of eliminating New Zealand’s remaining use of fossil fuels. One of the biggest obstacles will be filling in the gap left by hydropower sources during dry conditions. When lake levels drop, the country relies on gas and coal to provide energy. Eliminating fossil fuels will require finding an alternative source to avoid spikes in energy costs during droughts.

Business NZ’s executive director John Carnegie told Bloomberg he believes Ardern needs to balance her goals with affordability, stating, “It’s completely appropriate to have a focus on reducing carbon emissions, but there needs to be an open and transparent public conversation about the policies and how they are delivered.”

The coalition deal outlined a few steps towards achieving this, including investing more in solar, which currently only provides 0.1% of the country’s energy. Ardern’s plans also include switching the electricity grid to renewable energy, investing more funds into rail transport, and switching all government vehicles to green fuel within a decade.

Zero net emissions by 2050

Beyond powering the country’s electricity grid with 100% green energy, Ardern also wants to reach zero net emissions by 2050. This ambitious goal is very much in line with her focus on climate change throughout the course of her campaign. Environmental issues were one of her top priorities from the start, which increased her appeal with young voters and helped her become one of the youngest world leaders at only 37.

Reaching zero net emissions would require overcoming challenging issues like eliminating fossil fuels in vehicles. Ardern hasn’t outlined a plan for reaching this goal, but has suggested creating an independent commission to aid in the transition to a lower carbon economy.

She also set a goal of doubling the number of trees the country plants per year to 100 million, a goal she says is “absolutely achievable” using land that is marginal for farming animals.

Greenpeace New Zealand climate and energy campaigner Amanda Larsson believes that phasing out fossil fuels should be a priority for the new prime minister. She says that in order to reach zero net emissions, Ardern “must prioritize closing down coal, putting a moratorium on new fossil fuel plants, building more wind infrastructure, and opening the playing field for household and community solar.”

A worldwide shift to renewable energy

Addressing climate change is becoming more of a priority around the world and many governments are assessing how they can reduce their reliance on fossil fuels and switch to environmentally-friendly energy sources. Sustainable energy is becoming an increasingly profitable industry, giving companies more of an incentive to invest.

Ardern isn’t alone in her climate concerns, as other prominent world leaders like Justin Trudeau and Emmanuel Macron have made renewable energy a focus of their campaigns. She isn’t the first to set ambitious goals, either. Sweden and Norway share New Zealand’s goal of net zero emissions by 2045 and 2030, respectively.

Scotland already sources more than half of its electricity from renewable sources and aims to fully transition by 2020, while France announced plans in September to stop fossil fuel production by 2040. This would make it the first country to do so, and the first to end the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles.

Many parts of the world still rely heavily on coal, but if these countries are successful in phasing out fossil fuels and transitioning to renewable resources, it could serve as a turning point. As other world leaders see that switching to sustainable energy is possible – and profitable – it could be the start of a worldwide shift towards environmentally-friendly energy.


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How Going Green Can Save A Company Money



going green can save company money
Shutterstock Licensed Photot - By GOLFX

What is going green?

Going green means to live life in a way that is environmentally friendly for an entire population. It is the conservation of energy, water, and air. Going green means using products and resources that will not contaminate or pollute the air. It means being educated and well informed about the surroundings, and how to best protect them. It means recycling products that may not be biodegradable. Companies, as well as people, that adhere to going green can help to ensure a safer life for humanity.

The first step in going green

There are actually no step by step instructions for going green. The only requirement needed is making the decision to become environmentally conscious. It takes a caring attitude, and a willingness to make the change. It has been found that companies have improved their profit margins by going green. They have saved money on many of the frivolous things they they thought were a necessity. Besides saving money, companies are operating more efficiently than before going green. Companies have become aware of their ecological responsibility by pursuing the knowledge needed to make decisions that would change lifestyles and help sustain the earth’s natural resources for present and future generations.

Making needed changes within the company

After making the decision to go green, there are several things that can be changed in the workplace. A good place to start would be conserving energy used by electrical appliances. First, turning off the computer will save over the long run. Just letting it sleep still uses energy overnight. Turn off all other appliances like coffee maker, or anything that plugs in. Pull the socket from the outlet to stop unnecessary energy loss. Appliances continue to use electricity although they are switched off, and not unplugged. Get in the habit of turning off the lights whenever you leave a room. Change to fluorescent light bulbs, and lighting throughout the building. Have any leaks sealed on the premises to avoid the escape of heat or air.

Reducing the common paper waste

paper waste

Shutterstock Licensed Photo – By Yury Zap

Modern technologies and state of the art equipment, and tools have almost eliminated the use of paper in the office. Instead of sending out newsletters, brochures, written memos and reminders, you can now do all of these and more by technology while saving on the use of paper. Send out digital documents and emails to communicate with staff and other employees. By using this virtual bookkeeping technique, you will save a bundle on paper. When it is necessary to use paper for printing purposes or other services, choose the already recycled paper. It is smartly labeled and easy to find in any office supply store. It is called the Post Consumer Waste paper, or PCW paper. This will show that your company is dedicated to the preservation of natural resources. By using PCW paper, everyone helps to save the trees which provides and emits many important nutrients into the atmosphere.

Make money by spreading the word

Companies realize that consumers like to buy, or invest in whatever the latest trend may be. They also cater to companies that are doing great things for the quality of life of all people. People want to know that the companies that they cater to are doing their part for the environment and ecology. By going green, you can tell consumers of your experiences with helping them and communities be eco-friendly. This is a sound public relations technique to bring revenue to your brand. Boost the impact that your company makes on the environment. Go green, save and make money while essentially preserving what is normally taken for granted. The benefits of having a green company are enormous for consumers as well as the companies that engage in the process.

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