Companies extracting shale gas should pay for the carbon dioxide and methane emissions that derive from the fracking process, according to a parliamentary adviser and lecturer.
In an article for the Conversation, Dr Chris Hope of the University of Cambridge’s Judge Business School wrote that shale gas extraction not only relates to increased risk of water contamination and earth tremors, but it would also “contribute to climate change in two ways, from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions when the gas is burnt, and from the fugitive emissions of underground methane (CH4) that leak into the atmosphere as the gas is extracted”.
Hope, who is a reader in policy modelling at Cambridge and contributed to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) third and fourth assessment reports, argued that fracking firms should pay a tax on every tonne of greenhouse gas they emit.
The social cost of fracking is around $100 a tonne for carbon dioxide and less than $1,500 a tonne for methane, although estimates can vary. Hope believes these would generate £6 billion from taxes by the mid-2020s.
He said that in this way, companies will know from the beginning how much they have to pay for emissions and would understand whether projects are economical.
“Many prospects that initially look promising will turn out not to be worth pursuing once these taxes are factored into the calculation. The better, cheaper prospects where fugitive emissions can be minimised will be favoured”, Hope wrote.
He added that taxes would determine whether shale gas could be a transition fuel, saying, “If we carry on along our present path, the social cost of carbon increases in real terms by a little more than 2% per year, doubling in about 30 years. For methane, the cost rises a little faster, doubling in about 20 years.”
If the world manages to bring emissions down, the cost of carbon dioxide and methane would not increase and shale gas could end up more convenient in the long-term, he concluded.
Like our Facebook Page
Key Things to Remember When Building a Sustainable Home
4 Tips to Achieve Eco-friendly Business Operations
Are Vegan Shoes A Sustainable Option?
How to Be More Eco-Conscious In Your Everyday Life
Tips To Become More Sustainable At Home
Modern Log Cabins: Sustainability and Aesthetics
The Basics of Starting a Eco-Friendly DIY Project
Importance of Shore Hardness for Sustainable Hobbyists
Green Healthcare Practice Patient Data Compliance Guidelines
Guidance on Trading Bitcoin as an Eco-Friendly Investor
Why Making Your Business Sustainable Is More Important Than Ever
The Most Popular Environment-Friendly Flooring Options
Investing in the Ethical and Eco-friendly Has Never Been Easier
A Guide Transitioning to Safer and Environmentally-Friendly Chemicals
Role of HR in Sustainable Businesses
The Environmental Impact of Bitcoin Replacing Fiat Currencies
Tips To Make Air Conditioning Eco-Friendly
9 Zero Waste Gift Ideas For An Eco-Friendly 2021 Holiday
5 Reasons For Your Business To Go Green (Beyond Helping The Planet)
Tips After Buying an Electric Scooter to Lower Your Carbon Footprint
- Features10 months ago
Seven Health and Safety Tips for Eco-Friendly Products in a Green Home
- Energy10 months ago
Eco-Friendly Homeowners Lower Carbon Footprints through Greater Air Conditioner Efficiency
- Features9 months ago
Essential Guidelines for Eco-friendly Moving into new Home
- Invest12 months ago
The Eco-Friendly Evolution of Bitcoin Over the Years