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Ebola: from ‘West African outbreak’ to ‘international epidemic’ – what the papers are saying



The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has been occupying headlines across the media spectrum, with some pandering to fears of a global epidemic and others concentrating on the victims, which has now claimed the lives of over 900 people. Here’s how the papers have been reporting on the subject.

The main headlines have concentrated on the recent announcement by the World Health Organisation (WHO) declaring the epidemic an “international emergency”, with the Financial Times stating, “World Health Organisation declares Ebola international emergency.” 

FT then expand upon the announcement, highlighting that “The World Health Organisation has declared the largest Ebola outbreak on record an international emergency but did not recommend a general ban on travel to or trade with affected countries.”

A similar line is followed by the BBC, with the headline “WHO: Ebola ‘an international emergency.’” As reports highlight that the virus is continuing to spread across West Africa, WHO, according to the BBC, has stated that, “a coordinated international response was essential to stop and reverse the spread of the virus.”

The spread of Ebola over the recent months has been declared the worst on record, which is confirmed by WHO statistics. In a media statement, WHO released facts and figures explaining the disease’s impact and history.

According to WHO, outbreaks of Ebola have a case fatality rate of up to 90%, occurring primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests.

The health organisation also states that there is currently “No licensed specific treatment or vaccine available for use in people or animals.”

This is challenged by the Guardian, who report on an experimental vaccine used to treat infected Americans who were volunteering in West Africa to help with the aid effort. The Guardian states, “Ebola patients in west Africa to be denied experimental drugs used in US.”

The story follows the successful treating of two aid workers, who were rushed back to the US after contracting the disease. Nigerian health officials have said that the experimental drug is in short supply, “and that West Africa would have to wait for months for supplies, even if they were proved safe and effective.” 

The return of infected citizens to US soil has sparked some controversial fear mongering, as reported by Science Based Medicine. A piece this week, “Ebola outbreaks: Science versus fear mongering and quackery”, discusses the lack of critical enquiry into the outbreak by the disease.

The piece refers to headlines like “Infected Ebola patient being flown to Atlanta: Are health authorities risking a U.S. outbreak?” by as well as tweets from famous figures like Donald J Trump, tweeting “Stop the EBOLA patients from entering the U.S. Treat them, at the highest level, over there. THE UNITED STATES HAS ENOUGH PROBLEMS!” 

Another western victim of the outbreak is reported by the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) whose headline states, “Spanish Priest With Ebola Virus in ‘Stable Condition’”. The priest’s current condition is considered stable, report WSJ, again, like many other western papers, concentrating on singular victims returning to native countries.

With the outbreak of Ebola, has come numerous studies on how to deal with international epidemics, as well as the resurfacing of older papers like those done on Cholera, during the infamous outbreak of 1854, in London. This is highlighted by National Geographic (NG), as the primary fear in this instance is the virus spreading into densely populated areas like Guinea’s capital city of Conakry.

National Geographic reported in “Geography in the News: Ebola Terror” that “Dangerous viral hemorrhagic diseases, particularly including the deadly Ebola, are emerging as threats to humans around the world.”

The piece also states that, “Viral hemorrhagic fevers are perhaps the most feared and least understood of the emerging infectious diseases.”

Although these diseases have long been feared, especially in densely populated and poor areas, where poor sanitation can easily spread viral diseases, as reported by Dr Jon Snow during his cholera trials in London. NG do raise an interesting point regarding the West African outbreak, “How can Ebola be contained after it arrives in densely populated urban areas, particularly in poor countries?

A similar question is posed by the BBC, with the headline “’Unpredictable pandemics’ warning”, which relates to health officials in Taiwan warning of “viruses making the leap from animals to people.”

The piece reflects on the bird flu scare and other forms of influenza pandemic scares, which tend to be at their most contagious in densely populated urban areas.  Prof Wendy Barclay, from Imperial College London,  in the BBC report, commented on the findings and added that new technology has actually raised the awareness of this issue to the highest it has ever been, stating, “Is this a truly new thing or are we now just better at seeing it?”

Photo source: RT via Twitter 

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Further Reading:

Ebola virus ‘out of control’ as US dedicate more medical staff

Foreign secretary warns of Ebola Virus risk to UK

West Africa in Ebola epidemic – fuelled by fear and mistrust

GPs giving out more antibiotics despite warnings over dependency

PM: new generation of antibiotics needed to avoid ‘unthinkable scenario’


5 Eco-friendly Appliance Maintenance Tips




Eco-friendly Appliance
Shutterstock Photos - By Punyhong |

Modern day society is becoming ever more conscious about the effects of human consumption on the environment & the planet.

As a collective, more people are considering taking action to positively counteract their environmental footprint. This is accomplished by cutting down on water consumption, recycling and switching from plastic to more sustainable materials. Although most people forget about the additional things that can be done at home to improve your individual eco footprint.

Appliances, for example, can be overlooked when it comes to helping the environment, despite the fact they are items which are found in every household, and if they are not maintained effectively they can be detrimental to the environment. The longer an appliance is used, the less of an impact it has on the environment, so it is essential for you to keep them well maintained.

If you’re considering becoming more eco-conscious, here are 5 handy appliance maintenance tips to help you.

Don’t Forget to Disconnect From Power First

General maintenance of all your appliances start with disconnecting them from power; microwaves, washing machines and ovens all use residual energy when plugged in, so it’s essential to unplug them.

Disconnecting the plugs can help keep them in their best condition, as it ensures no electrical current is running through them whilst they are supposed to be out of use. Additionally, this can help you save on energy bills. By doing this you are minimising your energy footprint.

Here we break down 4 tips to keep the most popular household appliances maintained.

Eco-Friendly Oven Maintenance

Ovens generally require very little maintenance, although it is essential to stay on top of cleaning.

A simple task to make sure you don’t have any issues in the future is to check the oven door has a tight seal. To do this ensure the oven is cold, open the oven door and use your hands to locate the rubber seal. You can now feel for any tears or breaks. If any have occurred simply replace the seal. More oven tips can be read here.

Eco-Friendly Refrigerator Maintenance

When keeping a fridge in good condition, don’t forget about exterior maintenance. Refrigerator coils, although an external fixture, can cause damage when overlooked.

Refrigerator coils can be found either at the front or rear of a fridge (check you user manual if you are unsure of its location). These tend to accumulate various sources of dust and dirt over a substantial time-period, which clog refrigerator coils, causing the refrigerator to have to work twice as hard to stay cool. An easy tip to solve this is to periodically use a vacuum to get rid of any loose dirt.

Eco-Friendly Washing Machine Maintenance

Most people tend to remember the basics tasks for maintaining a washing machine, such as not to overload the machine, not to slam the door and to ensure the washing machine is on a solid and level platform.

In addition, it is necessary to routinely do a maintenance wash for your washing machine. This means running an empty wash on the highest temperature setting and letting it complete a full wash to erase any build up and residue. You should repeat this task at least once a month.

Try to schedule this task around your bulk wash load times to save on water consumption.

This will help keep your washing machine in peak working condition.

Eco-Friendly Dishwasher Maintenance Tips

Dishwasher maintenance can be simple if implemented after every wash cycle.

To keep your best dishwasher hygiene standards, scrape away excess food whilst making sure to keep the filter at the bottom of the cavity empty between cycles. This simple task can be highly effective at preventing food build up from occurring in your dishwasher.

If you need additional tips or tasks you, can reference your manufacturer’s guidebook to check for a full breakdown. You can also head to Service Force’s extensive database of repair and maintenance manuals – including extensive troubleshooting guides for all of the critical appliance maintenance procedures.

In conclusion, you can save both money and energy by keeping your appliances in peak condition. The steps outlined in this guide will help us all preserve the environment and reduce industrial waste from discarded appliances.

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Two Ancient Japanese Philosophies Are the Future of Eco-Living



Shutterstock Photos - By Syda Productions |

Our obsession with all things new has blighted the planet. We have a waste crisis, particularly when it comes to plastic. US scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made – 8.3 billion tons! Unfortunately, only 9% of this is estimated to have been recycled. And current global trends point to there being 12 billion tons of plastic waste by 2050.

However, two ancient Japanese philosophies are providing an antidote to the excesses of modern life. By emphasizing the elimination of waste and the acceptance of the old and imperfect, the concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi have positively influenced Japanese life for centuries.

They are now making their way into the consciousness of the Western mainstream, with an increasing influence in the UK and US. By encouraging us to be frugal with our possessions, (i.e. using natural materials for interior design) these concepts can be the future of eco-living.

What is Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai??

Wabi-Sabi emphasizes an acceptance of transience and imperfection. Although Wabi had the original meaning of sad and lonely, it has come to describe those that are simple, unmaterialistic and at one with nature. The term Sabi is defined as the “the bloom of time”, and has evolved into a new meaning: taking pleasure and seeing beauty in things that are old and faded. 

Any flaws in objects, like cracks or marks, are cherished because they illustrate the passage of time. Wear and tear is seen as a representation of their loving use. This makes it intrinsically linked to Wabi, due to its emphasis on simplicity and rejection of materialism.

In the West, Wabi-Sabi has infiltrated many elements of daily life, from cuisine to interior design. Specialist Japanese homeware companies, like Sansho, source handmade products that embody the Wabi-Sabi philosophy. Their products, largely made from natural materials, are handcrafted by traditional Japanese artisans – meaning no two pieces are the same and no two pieces are “perfect” in size or shape.


Mottainai is a term expressing a feeling of regret concerning waste, translating roughly in English to either “what a waste!” or “Don’t waste!”. The philosophy emphasizes the intrinsic value of a resource or object, and is linked to hinto animism, the notion that all objects have a spirit, or ‘kami’. The idea that we are part of nature is a key part of Japanese psychology.

Mottainai also has origins in Buddhist philosophy. The Buddhist monastic tradition emphasizes a life of frugality, to allow us to concentrate on attaining enlightenment. It is from this move towards frugality that a link to Mottainai as a concept of waste can be made.

How have Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai promoted eco living?

Wabi-Sabi is still a prominent feature of Japanese life today, and has remained instrumental in the way people design their homes. The ideas of imperfection and frugality are hugely influential.

For example, instead of buying a brand-new kitchen table, many Japanese people instead retain a table that has been passed through the generations. Although its long use can be seen by various marks and scratches, Wabi-Sabi has taught people that they should value it because of its imperfect nature. Those scratches and marks are a story and signify the passage of time. This is a far cry from what we typically associate with the Western World.

Like Wabi Sabi, Mottainai is manifested throughout Japanese life, creating a great respect for Japanese resources. This has had a major impact on home design. For example, the Japanese prefer natural materials in their homes, such as using soil and dried grass as thermal insulation.

Their influence in the UK

The UK appears to be increasingly influenced by thes two concepts. Some new reports indicate that Wabi Sabi has been labelled as ‘the trend of 2018’. For example, Japanese ofuro baths inspired the project that won the New London Architecture’s 2017 Don’t Move, Improve award. Ofuro baths are smaller than typical baths, use less water, and are usually made out of natural materials, like hinoki wood.

Many other UK properties have also been influenced by these philosophies, such as natural Kebony wood being applied to the external cladding of a Victorian property in Hampstead; or a house in Lancaster Gate using rice paper partitions as sub-dividers. These examples embody the spirit of both philosophies. They are representative of Mottainai because of their use of natural resources to discourage waste. And they’re reflective of Wabi-Sabi because they accept imperfect materials that have not been engineered or modified.

In a world that is plagued by mass over-consumption and an incessant need for novelty, the ancient concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi provide a blueprint for living a more sustainable life. They help us to reduce consumption and put less of a strain on the planet. This refreshing mindset can help us transform the way we go about our day to day lives.

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