There’s no doubt about it. Tourism is big business. The latest figures showed that, worldwide, tourists arrivals have already exceeded one billion people. The amount of revenue generated by the tourism industry has already crossed the seven trillion dollar mark, a few years ago.
Many countries have government ministries dedicated to tourism. Universities offer degree courses in tourism. This is a feature of modern life that is likely to be around for many years to come. The tourist industry generates revenue and creates employment on a very large scale. Along with the benefits, there are also many negative effects.
Too many tourists
This is the biggest problem of tourism. When a destination becomes well-known, it is soon assailed by tourists. Tourists would come by plane and by ship. By road and by rail. Eventually, in many places, the number of tourists outnumber the local population.
When this happens, many things change. A tourist expects to see some new faces when he goes travelling. In destinations which have become overpopulated by tourists, he is likely to find himself among people from where he came. The novelty of visiting an exotic place loses its appeal.
What can be done to reduce this tourist over-population?
There are a number of possible solutions. One, restrict the number of tourist arrivals. The host country must make a decision to preserve the uniqueness of its tourist destinations by making sure that the number of tourists does not overwhelm the local population.
Another solution is to spread out the arrival of the tourists. There are peak seasons and off seasons in the tourist industry. The host country must come up with creative ideas to promote its tourist destinations in the off season. This can be done in a few ways. The simplest way is to highlight the tourist attractions in the off season. Promotional fares and hotel discounts can also be used to bring in tourists during the off season.
Yet another way is to spread out the tourists. The host country must find more tourist attractions in different parts of the country. These destinations should be promoted so that tourists would not be concentrated only in a few choice places.
Man is a very creative creature. And one of the things which man creates very well is garbage. No other animals come close to producing as much garbage as man. Tourists create a lot of garbage, too. Every tourist destination is filled with garbage. This is an inevitable fact of the tourist industry. There are a number of ways to keep this problem under control.
The first is to have a big army of garbage collectors. This workforce must be on duty around the clock. Garbage collection is a continuous process. In normal situations, it may be enough to have the garbage removed just once a day. In a tourist destination, this has to be done all the time.
Vendors in the tourist destinations must be recruited to help keep the area clean. A proactive measure would be to add gently-worded advice in tourist brochures to encourage tourists to be part of the solution instead of being part of the problem.
When in Rome, do as the Romans do. This is sound advice. However, when tourists travel in large groups, they tend to forget this. They do things which are perfectly normal in their own countries but are considered to be rude behaviour in the countries they are visiting.
This requires quite a lot of pre-planning. Every country that is a tourist destination has an embassy in countries where the tourists come from. It is the duty of these embassies to inform the tourists about the culture of their countries. This has to be done way before the tourists leave their own countries. It’s a bit too late to start advising the tourists after they have arrived.
Sex is a great driving force. In some species, like the spiders, the male of the species risk death to have sex with the female. In human beings, generally speaking, it doesn’t get this extreme. Still, sex is a great driving force in moving a lot of tourists to visit other countries. Many destination countries accept this fact of life. There is not much that can be done to stop sex between consenting adults.
The real problem comes when tourists travel to find sex with children. This is a practice abhorred in all civilised societies. There are many countries which already make pedophilia a crime even when it is committed beyond their borders by their citizens.
The only way to keep a tight control over this type of sexual predator is to have very good coordination between the law enforcement agencies of all the countries involved. There must be an updated database of sex offenders which can be assessed internationally by the authorities. All sex offenders must be closely tracked in their home countries. When they travel, their destination countries must be alerted immediately. There will, of course, be the wily ones who escape detection. However, that’s not an excuse for not being extra vigilant.
With proper planning, the tourism boom can be a boon and not a bane. It’s just a simple matter of nipping the problem in the bud.
About the author:
Veronica is an enthusiastic blogger that writes for Reviews Academy. At RA, she reviews entire categories of products and not individual models in order to offer you a complete picture of all options available on the market. Her mission is to provide the readers with comprehensive and trustworthy opinions to help them make the perfect buying decision.
5 Eco-friendly Appliance Maintenance Tips
Modern day society is becoming ever more conscious about the effects of human consumption on the environment & the planet.
As a collective, more people are considering taking action to positively counteract their environmental footprint. This is accomplished by cutting down on water consumption, recycling and switching from plastic to more sustainable materials. Although most people forget about the additional things that can be done at home to improve your individual eco footprint.
Appliances, for example, can be overlooked when it comes to helping the environment, despite the fact they are items which are found in every household, and if they are not maintained effectively they can be detrimental to the environment. The longer an appliance is used, the less of an impact it has on the environment, so it is essential for you to keep them well maintained.
If you’re considering becoming more eco-conscious, here are 5 handy appliance maintenance tips to help you.
Don’t Forget to Disconnect From Power First
General maintenance of all your appliances start with disconnecting them from power; microwaves, washing machines and ovens all use residual energy when plugged in, so it’s essential to unplug them.
Disconnecting the plugs can help keep them in their best condition, as it ensures no electrical current is running through them whilst they are supposed to be out of use. Additionally, this can help you save on energy bills. By doing this you are minimising your energy footprint.
Here we break down 4 tips to keep the most popular household appliances maintained.
Eco-Friendly Oven Maintenance
Ovens generally require very little maintenance, although it is essential to stay on top of cleaning.
A simple task to make sure you don’t have any issues in the future is to check the oven door has a tight seal. To do this ensure the oven is cold, open the oven door and use your hands to locate the rubber seal. You can now feel for any tears or breaks. If any have occurred simply replace the seal. More oven tips can be read here.
Eco-Friendly Refrigerator Maintenance
When keeping a fridge in good condition, don’t forget about exterior maintenance. Refrigerator coils, although an external fixture, can cause damage when overlooked.
Refrigerator coils can be found either at the front or rear of a fridge (check you user manual if you are unsure of its location). These tend to accumulate various sources of dust and dirt over a substantial time-period, which clog refrigerator coils, causing the refrigerator to have to work twice as hard to stay cool. An easy tip to solve this is to periodically use a vacuum to get rid of any loose dirt.
Eco-Friendly Washing Machine Maintenance
Most people tend to remember the basics tasks for maintaining a washing machine, such as not to overload the machine, not to slam the door and to ensure the washing machine is on a solid and level platform.
In addition, it is necessary to routinely do a maintenance wash for your washing machine. This means running an empty wash on the highest temperature setting and letting it complete a full wash to erase any build up and residue. You should repeat this task at least once a month.
Try to schedule this task around your bulk wash load times to save on water consumption.
This will help keep your washing machine in peak working condition.
Eco-Friendly Dishwasher Maintenance Tips
Dishwasher maintenance can be simple if implemented after every wash cycle.
To keep your best dishwasher hygiene standards, scrape away excess food whilst making sure to keep the filter at the bottom of the cavity empty between cycles. This simple task can be highly effective at preventing food build up from occurring in your dishwasher.
If you need additional tips or tasks you, can reference your manufacturer’s guidebook to check for a full breakdown. You can also head to Service Force’s extensive database of repair and maintenance manuals – including extensive troubleshooting guides for all of the critical appliance maintenance procedures.
In conclusion, you can save both money and energy by keeping your appliances in peak condition. The steps outlined in this guide will help us all preserve the environment and reduce industrial waste from discarded appliances.
Two Ancient Japanese Philosophies Are the Future of Eco-Living
Our obsession with all things new has blighted the planet. We have a waste crisis, particularly when it comes to plastic. US scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made – 8.3 billion tons! Unfortunately, only 9% of this is estimated to have been recycled. And current global trends point to there being 12 billion tons of plastic waste by 2050.
However, two ancient Japanese philosophies are providing an antidote to the excesses of modern life. By emphasizing the elimination of waste and the acceptance of the old and imperfect, the concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi have positively influenced Japanese life for centuries.
They are now making their way into the consciousness of the Western mainstream, with an increasing influence in the UK and US. By encouraging us to be frugal with our possessions, (i.e. using natural materials for interior design) these concepts can be the future of eco-living.
What is Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai??
Wabi-Sabi emphasizes an acceptance of transience and imperfection. Although Wabi had the original meaning of sad and lonely, it has come to describe those that are simple, unmaterialistic and at one with nature. The term Sabi is defined as the “the bloom of time”, and has evolved into a new meaning: taking pleasure and seeing beauty in things that are old and faded.
Any flaws in objects, like cracks or marks, are cherished because they illustrate the passage of time. Wear and tear is seen as a representation of their loving use. This makes it intrinsically linked to Wabi, due to its emphasis on simplicity and rejection of materialism.
In the West, Wabi-Sabi has infiltrated many elements of daily life, from cuisine to interior design. Specialist Japanese homeware companies, like Sansho, source handmade products that embody the Wabi-Sabi philosophy. Their products, largely made from natural materials, are handcrafted by traditional Japanese artisans – meaning no two pieces are the same and no two pieces are “perfect” in size or shape.
Mottainai is a term expressing a feeling of regret concerning waste, translating roughly in English to either “what a waste!” or “Don’t waste!”. The philosophy emphasizes the intrinsic value of a resource or object, and is linked to hinto animism, the notion that all objects have a spirit, or ‘kami’. The idea that we are part of nature is a key part of Japanese psychology.
Mottainai also has origins in Buddhist philosophy. The Buddhist monastic tradition emphasizes a life of frugality, to allow us to concentrate on attaining enlightenment. It is from this move towards frugality that a link to Mottainai as a concept of waste can be made.
How have Wabi-Sabi and Mottainai promoted eco living?
Wabi-Sabi is still a prominent feature of Japanese life today, and has remained instrumental in the way people design their homes. The ideas of imperfection and frugality are hugely influential.
For example, instead of buying a brand-new kitchen table, many Japanese people instead retain a table that has been passed through the generations. Although its long use can be seen by various marks and scratches, Wabi-Sabi has taught people that they should value it because of its imperfect nature. Those scratches and marks are a story and signify the passage of time. This is a far cry from what we typically associate with the Western World.
Like Wabi Sabi, Mottainai is manifested throughout Japanese life, creating a great respect for Japanese resources. This has had a major impact on home design. For example, the Japanese prefer natural materials in their homes, such as using soil and dried grass as thermal insulation.
Their influence in the UK
The UK appears to be increasingly influenced by thes two concepts. Some new reports indicate that Wabi Sabi has been labelled as ‘the trend of 2018’. For example, Japanese ofuro baths inspired the project that won the New London Architecture’s 2017 Don’t Move, Improve award. Ofuro baths are smaller than typical baths, use less water, and are usually made out of natural materials, like hinoki wood.
Many other UK properties have also been influenced by these philosophies, such as natural Kebony wood being applied to the external cladding of a Victorian property in Hampstead; or a house in Lancaster Gate using rice paper partitions as sub-dividers. These examples embody the spirit of both philosophies. They are representative of Mottainai because of their use of natural resources to discourage waste. And they’re reflective of Wabi-Sabi because they accept imperfect materials that have not been engineered or modified.
In a world that is plagued by mass over-consumption and an incessant need for novelty, the ancient concepts of Mottainai and Wabi-Sabi provide a blueprint for living a more sustainable life. They help us to reduce consumption and put less of a strain on the planet. This refreshing mindset can help us transform the way we go about our day to day lives.
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