The Indonesian Government’s climate plans and analysis submitted to the UN last month are suffering from a “profound” lack of detail and credibility around both its emissions projections for deforestation, and its plans to slow emissions growth, the Climate Action Tracker said today.
Indonesia, in its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), has a unilateral target to reduce GHG emissions by 29% below Business as Usual (BAU) by 2030 (440% above 1990 levels) and by 41% with international financial support.
However, with no detail as to how the Indonesian Government intends to divide its climate action between reducing deforestation (deforestation and peatland destruction have accounted for 60% of Indonesia’s emissions on average over the last decade), and emissions from energy, agriculture and mining, as well as high uncertainty around emission projections for the land use sector, the CAT has rated the INDC “inadequate”.
The CAT questions the Indonesian government’s BAU emissions projection for the future. Independent studies based on satellite data that show a consistent 20% annual rise in deforestation since 2001. This rise has continued, despite a temporary government prohibition on the clearing of primary forest and the conversion of peatlands between 2010 and 2016.
Under the Indonesian BAU, emissions from forestry appear to remain stable right through until 2030, with emissions from other sources growing. But the CAT calculations show emissions from forestry and other land use could be twice as high in 2030, if the trends in deforestation observed in recent years continue.
“Something is wrong here. We do not understand how the Indonesian Government arrives at its recent emission trends, as forest clearance and peatland destruction appears to be continuing unabated, even under a so-called prohibition on these activities,” said Niklas Höhne of NewClimate Institute.
“Separate targets for energy-related emissions and forestry emissions would be much clearer. Mixing both means blurring one with the other.”
He added that new figures showed emissions from Indonesia’s forest fires could be as high as 1GtCO2e in 2015.
“The Indonesian Government does not clarify to what extent emissions from fires beyond peat are included in their projections or INDC. However, 1GtCO2e is already higher than estimates for total emissions from the land use sector in Indonesia’s national data for 2015.”
While Indonesia’s renewable energy target was encouraging, increasing renewables to 23% of primary energy by 2025 from 6% today, at the same time the government plans to add another 35 GW of electricity production to the national grid by 2019, with more than half (20 GW) expected to be from new coal-fired plants.
“Locking in a massive 20 gigawatts of coal-fired electricity over the next five years will bind Indonesia to a carbon-intensive future for decades to come. This is the antithesis to the kind of decarbonised world we need to hold warming below 2 degrees,” said Bill Hare of Climate Analytics.
“Indonesia is extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and, as the world’s ninth largest emitter, has a responsibility to its own people, and the world, to at least be transparent about its emissions,” said Kornelis Blok from Ecofys.
A Good Look At How Homes Will Become More Energy Efficient Soon
Everyone always talks about ways they can save energy at home, but the tactics are old school. They’re only tweaking the way they do things at the moment. Sealing holes in your home isn’t exactly the next scientific breakthrough we’ve been waiting for.
There is some good news because technology is progressing quickly. Some tactics might not be brand new, but they’re becoming more popular. Here are a few things you should expect to see in homes all around the country within a few years.
1. The Rise Of Smart Windows
When you look at a window right now it’s just a pane of glass. In the future they’ll be controlled by microprocessors and sensors. They’ll change depending on the specific weather conditions directly outside.
If the sun disappears the shade will automatically adjust to let in more light. The exact opposite will happen when it’s sunny. These energy efficient windows will save everyone a huge amount of money.
2. A Better Way To Cool Roofs
If you wanted to cool a roof down today you would coat it with a material full of specialized pigments. This would allow roofs to deflect the sun and they’d absorb less heat in the process too.
Soon we’ll see the same thing being done, but it will be four times more effective. Roofs will never get too hot again. Anyone with a large roof is going to see a sharp decrease in their energy bills.
3. Low-E Windows Taking Over
It’s a mystery why these aren’t already extremely popular, but things are starting to change. Read low-E window replacement reviews and you’ll see everyone loves them because they’re extremely effective.
They’ll keep heat outside in summer or inside in winter. People don’t even have to buy new windows to enjoy the technology. All they’ll need is a low-E film to place over their current ones.
4. Magnets Will Cool Fridges
Refrigerators haven’t changed much in a very long time. They’re still using a vapor compression process that wastes energy while harming the environment. It won’t be long until they’ll be cooled using magnets instead.
The magnetocaloric effect is going to revolutionize cold food storage. The fluid these fridges are going to use will be water-based, which means the environment can rest easy and energy bills will drop.
5. Improving Our Current LEDs
Everyone who spent a lot of money on energy must have been very happy when LEDs became mainstream. Incandescent light bulbs belong in museums today because the new tech cut costs by up to 85 percent.
That doesn’t mean someone isn’t always trying to improve on an already great invention. The amount of lumens LEDs produce per watt isn’t great, but we’ve already found a way to increase it by 25 percent.
Maybe Homes Will Look Different Too
Do you think we’ll come up with new styles of homes that will take off? Surely it’s not out of the question. Everything inside homes seems to be changing for the better with each passing year. It’s going to continue doing so thanks to amazing inventors.
ShutterStock – Stock photo ID: 613912244
IEMA Urge Government’s Industrial Strategy Skills Overhaul To Adopt A “Long View Approach”
IEMA, in response to the launch of the Government’s Industrial Strategy Green Paper, have welcomed the focus on technical skills and education to boost “competence and capability” of tomorrow’s workforce.
Policy experts at the world’s leading professional association of Environment and Sustainability professionals has today welcomed Prime Minister Teresa May’s confirmation that an overhaul of technical education and skills will form a central part of the Plan for Britain – but warns the strategy must be one for the long term.
Martin Baxter, Chief Policy Advisor at IEMA said this morning that the approach and predicted investment in building a stronger technical skills portfolio to boost the UK’s productivity and economic resilience is positive, and presents an opportunity to drive the UK’s skills profile and commitment to sustainability outside of the EU.
Commenting on the launch of the Government’s Industrial Strategy Green Paper, Baxter said today:
“Government must use the Industrial Strategy as an opportunity to accelerate the UK’s transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient economy – one that is flexible and agile and which gives a progressive outlook for the UK’s future outside the EU.
We welcome the focus on skills and education, as it is vital that tomorrow’s workforce has the competence and capability to innovate and compete globally in high-value manufacturing and leading technology.
There is a real opportunity with the Industrial Strategy, and forthcoming 25 year Environment Plan and Carbon Emissions Reduction Plan, to set long-term economic and environmental outcomes which set the conditions to unlock investment, enhance natural capital and provide employment and export opportunities for UK business.
We will ensure that the Environment and Sustainability profession makes a positive contribution in responding to the Green Paper.”