There’s no doubt about it. Tourism is big business. The latest figures showed that, worldwide, tourists arrivals have already exceeded one billion people. The amount of revenue generated by the tourism industry has already crossed the seven trillion dollar mark, a few years ago.
Many countries have government ministries dedicated to tourism. Universities offer degree courses in tourism. This is a feature of modern life that is likely to be around for many years to come. The tourist industry generates revenue and creates employment on a very large scale. Along with the benefits, there are also many negative effects.
Too many tourists
This is the biggest problem of tourism. When a destination becomes well-known, it is soon assailed by tourists. Tourists would come by plane and by ship. By road and by rail. Eventually, in many places, the number of tourists outnumber the local population.
When this happens, many things change. A tourist expects to see some new faces when he goes travelling. In destinations which have become overpopulated by tourists, he is likely to find himself among people from where he came. The novelty of visiting an exotic place loses its appeal.
What can be done to reduce this tourist over-population?
There are a number of possible solutions. One, restrict the number of tourist arrivals. The host country must make a decision to preserve the uniqueness of its tourist destinations by making sure that the number of tourists does not overwhelm the local population.
Another solution is to spread out the arrival of the tourists. There are peak seasons and off seasons in the tourist industry. The host country must come up with creative ideas to promote its tourist destinations in the off season. This can be done in a few ways. The simplest way is to highlight the tourist attractions in the off season. Promotional fares and hotel discounts can also be used to bring in tourists during the off season.
Yet another way is to spread out the tourists. The host country must find more tourist attractions in different parts of the country. These destinations should be promoted so that tourists would not be concentrated only in a few choice places.
Man is a very creative creature. And one of the things which man creates very well is garbage. No other animals come close to producing as much garbage as man. Tourists create a lot of garbage, too. Every tourist destination is filled with garbage. This is an inevitable fact of the tourist industry. There are a number of ways to keep this problem under control.
The first is to have a big army of garbage collectors. This workforce must be on duty around the clock. Garbage collection is a continuous process. In normal situations, it may be enough to have the garbage removed just once a day. In a tourist destination, this has to be done all the time.
Vendors in the tourist destinations must be recruited to help keep the area clean. A proactive measure would be to add gently-worded advice in tourist brochures to encourage tourists to be part of the solution instead of being part of the problem.
When in Rome, do as the Romans do. This is sound advice. However, when tourists travel in large groups, they tend to forget this. They do things which are perfectly normal in their own countries but are considered to be rude behaviour in the countries they are visiting.
This requires quite a lot of pre-planning. Every country that is a tourist destination has an embassy in countries where the tourists come from. It is the duty of these embassies to inform the tourists about the culture of their countries. This has to be done way before the tourists leave their own countries. It’s a bit too late to start advising the tourists after they have arrived.
Sex is a great driving force. In some species, like the spiders, the male of the species risk death to have sex with the female. In human beings, generally speaking, it doesn’t get this extreme. Still, sex is a great driving force in moving a lot of tourists to visit other countries. Many destination countries accept this fact of life. There is not much that can be done to stop sex between consenting adults.
The real problem comes when tourists travel to find sex with children. This is a practice abhorred in all civilised societies. There are many countries which already make pedophilia a crime even when it is committed beyond their borders by their citizens.
The only way to keep a tight control over this type of sexual predator is to have very good coordination between the law enforcement agencies of all the countries involved. There must be an updated database of sex offenders which can be assessed internationally by the authorities. All sex offenders must be closely tracked in their home countries. When they travel, their destination countries must be alerted immediately. There will, of course, be the wily ones who escape detection. However, that’s not an excuse for not being extra vigilant.
With proper planning, the tourism boom can be a boon and not a bane. It’s just a simple matter of nipping the problem in the bud.
About the author:
Veronica is an enthusiastic blogger that writes for Reviews Academy. At RA, she reviews entire categories of products and not individual models in order to offer you a complete picture of all options available on the market. Her mission is to provide the readers with comprehensive and trustworthy opinions to help them make the perfect buying decision.
Will Self-Driving Cars Be Better for the Environment?
Technologists, engineers, lawmakers, and the general public have been excitedly debating about the merits of self-driving cars for the past several years, as companies like Waymo and Uber race to get the first fully autonomous vehicles on the market. Largely, the concerns have been about safety and ethics; is a self-driving car really capable of eliminating the human errors responsible for the majority of vehicular accidents? And if so, who’s responsible for programming life-or-death decisions, and who’s held liable in the event of an accident?
But while these questions continue being debated, protecting people on an individual level, it’s worth posing a different question: how will self-driving cars impact the environment?
The Big Picture
The Department of Energy attempted to answer this question in clear terms, using scientific research and existing data sets to project the short-term and long-term environmental impact that self-driving vehicles could have. Its findings? The emergence of self-driving vehicles could essentially go either way; it could reduce energy consumption in transportation by as much as 90 percent, or increase it by more than 200 percent.
That’s a margin of error so wide it might as well be a total guess, but there are too many unknown variables to form a solid conclusion. There are many ways autonomous vehicles could influence our energy consumption and environmental impact, and they could go well or poorly, depending on how they’re adopted.
One of the big selling points of autonomous vehicles is their capacity to reduce the total number of vehicles—and human drivers—on the road. If you’re able to carpool to work in a self-driving vehicle, or rely on autonomous public transportation, you’ll spend far less time, money, and energy on your own car. The convenience and efficiency of autonomous vehicles would therefore reduce the total miles driven, and significantly reduce carbon emissions.
There’s a flip side to this argument, however. If autonomous vehicles are far more convenient and less expensive than previous means of travel, it could be an incentive for people to travel more frequently, or drive to more destinations they’d otherwise avoid. In this case, the total miles driven could actually increase with the rise of self-driving cars.
As an added consideration, the increase or decrease in drivers on the road could result in more or fewer vehicle collisions, respectively—especially in the early days of autonomous vehicle adoption, when so many human drivers are still on the road. Car accident injury cases, therefore, would become far more complicated, and the roads could be temporarily less safe.
Deadheading is a term used in trucking and ridesharing to refer to miles driven with an empty load. Assume for a moment that there’s a fleet of self-driving vehicles available to pick people up and carry them to their destinations. It’s a convenient service, but by necessity, these vehicles will spend at least some of their time driving without passengers, whether it’s spent waiting to pick someone up or en route to their location. The increase in miles from deadheading could nullify the potential benefits of people driving fewer total miles, or add to the damage done by their increased mileage.
Make and Model of Car
Much will also depend on the types of cars equipped to be self-driving. For example, Waymo recently launched a wave of self-driving hybrid minivans, capable of getting far better mileage than a gas-only vehicle. If the majority of self-driving cars are electric or hybrids, the environmental impact will be much lower than if they’re converted from existing vehicles. Good emissions ratings are also important here.
On the other hand, the increased demand for autonomous vehicles could put more pressure on factory production, and make older cars obsolete. In that case, the gas mileage savings could be counteracted by the increased environmental impact of factory production.
The Bottom Line
Right now, there are too many unanswered questions to make a confident determination whether self-driving vehicles will help or harm the environment. Will we start driving more, or less? How will they handle dead time? What kind of models are going to be on the road?
Engineers and the general public are in complete control of how this develops in the near future. Hopefully, we’ll be able to see all the safety benefits of having autonomous vehicles on the road, but without any of the extra environmental impact to deal with.
Road Trip! How to Choose the Greenest Vehicle for Your Growing Family
When you have a growing family, it often feels like you’re in this weird bubble that exists outside of mainstream society. Whereas everyone else seemingly has stability, your family dynamic is continuously in flux. Having said that, is it even possible to buy an eco-friendly vehicle that’s also practical?
What to Look for in a Green, Family-Friendly Vehicle?
As a single person or young couple without kids, it’s pretty easy to buy a green vehicle. Almost every leading car brand has eco-friendly options these days and you can pick from any number of options. The only problem is that most of these models don’t work if you have kids.
Whether it’s a Prius or Smart car, most green vehicles are impractical for large families. You need to look for options that are spacious, reliable, and comfortable – both for passengers and the driver.
5 Good Options
As you do your research and look for different opportunities, it’s good to have an open mind. Here are some of the greenest options for growing families:
1. 2014 Chrysler Town and Country
Vans are not only popular for the room and comfort they offer growing families, but they’re also becoming known for their fuel efficiency. For example, the 2014 Chrysler Town and Country – which was one of CarMax’s most popular minivans of 2017 – has Flex Fuel compatibility and front wheel drive. With standard features like these, you can’t do much better at this price point.
2. 2017 Chrysler Pacifica
If you’re looking for a newer van and are willing to spend a bit more, you can go with Chrysler’s other model, the Pacifica. One of the coolest features of the 2017 model is the hybrid drivetrain. It allows you to go up to 30 miles on electric, before the vehicle automatically switches over to the V6 gasoline engine. For short trips and errands, there’s nothing more eco-friendly in the minivan category.
3. 2018 Volkswagen Atlas
Who says you have to buy a minivan when you have a family? Sure, the sliding doors are nice, but there are plenty of other options that are both green and spacious. The new Volkswagen Atlas is a great choice. It’s one of the most fuel-efficient third-row vehicles on the market. The four-cylinder model gets an estimated 26 mpg highway.
4. 2015 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid
While a minivan or SUV is ideal – and necessary if you have more than two kids – you can get away with a roomy sedan when you still have a small family. And while there are plenty of eco-friendly options in this category, the 2015 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid is arguably the biggest bang for your buck. It gets 38 mpg on the highway and is incredibly affordable.
5. 2017 Land Rover Range Rover Sport Diesel
If money isn’t an object and you’re able to spend any amount to get a good vehicle that’s both comfortable and eco-friendly, the 2017 Land Rover Range Rover Sport Diesel is your car. Not only does it get 28 mpg highway, but it can also be equipped with a third row of seats and a diesel engine. And did we mention that this car looks sleek?
Putting it All Together
You have a variety of options. Whether you want something new or used, would prefer an SUV or minivan, or want something cheap or luxurious, there are plenty of choices on the market. The key is to do your research, remain patient, and take your time. Don’t get too married to a particular transaction, or you’ll lose your leverage.
You’ll know when the right deal comes along, and you can make a smart choice that’s functional, cost-effective, and eco-friendly.