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Exclusive interview: Pete Geddes, Managing Director of American Prairie Reserve



Prior to joining American Prairie Reserve in 2011, he served as Director of Development and Operations at Property and Environment Research Center, and as Executive VP at the Foundation for Research on Economics and the Environment. Originally from New York State, he is active in his community serving as a director of the Bozeman Amateur Hockey Association, the Gallatin Valley Ice Foundation, and as a trustee of the Sourdough Volunteer Fire Department. He speaks to Blue & Green.

In 140 characters or less, what is the American Prairie Reserve and Wild Sky

APR is the most ambitious conservation project in North America. Wild Sky encourages wildlife friendly ranching via sales of high quality beef.

What projects does the wildlife reserve undertake?

The American Prairie Reserve (APR) is spearheading a historic effort to reignite America’s passion for large-scale conservation by assembling the largest wildlife reserve of any kind in the lower 48 states. The goal is to create a truly massive reserve, consisting of more than three million acres of both private and public lands, and teeming with Buffalo, bears, eagles, Pronghorn antelope and more. When complete, The American Prairie will be the first large-scale reserve created in the lower 48 states in the last 100 years, accessible to all, and larger than Yellowstone National Park.

To achieve this goal we are working across three main areas; raising funds to acquire wildlife habitat, restoring and modifying land to support the entire suite of biodiversity native to Montana’s northern Great Plains, and  engaging in efforts that provide economic benefit to our neighbors and help people enjoy and learn about the prairie ecosystem. One of our latest projects is Wild Sky – which is all natural, 100% grass-fed beef from which we return a portion of the profits to participating ranchers raising cattle to a set of specific conservation oriented practices. By creating incentives for ranchers to view wildlife as an asset we plan to blur the boundaries of the Reserve with surrounding agricultural lands.

What’s the biggest challenge the prairie faces?

Conversion of native prairie to agricultural cropping is a big challenge for us. Once tilled, the prairie takes more than a century to return to even a semblance of its native state.

How did you become involved?

I have been intrigued with the conservation of large landscapes since college. APR offers the opportunity to be on the team that is creating America’s first 21st century park half again as large as Yellowstone, all with private philanthropy.

What’s you most memorable experience of working on the reserve project?

Any morning, of which there have been many, when I am walking on the prairie at first light. The enormity of this landscape and the interplay of light, sound and smell is remarkable.

How are you funded?

We are funded entirely through the voluntary contributions of individuals and foundations from around the world.

How close are you to your goal of buying half a million acres of prairie?

About ten percent of the way. The limiting factor is meeting people who share a passion for what we do and have the means to help.

If we could make you US President for the day and Congress had given you a free pass to enact one piece of law, what would it be?

Make the week of the Stanley Cup Playoffs (NHL hockey) a national holiday!

American Prairie Reserve




How the Auto Industry is Lowering Emissions



auto industry to clean air pollution

Currently, the automotive industry is undergoing an enormous change in a bid to lower carbon emissions. This has been pushed by the Government and their clean air plans, where they have outlined a plan to ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars by 2040.

Public Health Crisis

It is said that the levels of air pollution lead to 40,000 early deaths in the UK, with London being somewhere that is particularly bad. This has led to the new T-Charge, where heavy polluting cars will pay a new charge on top of the existing congestion charge. Other cities have taken action too, with Oxford recently announcing that they will be banning petrol and diesel cars from the city centre by 2020.

Eco-Friendly Vehicles

It is clear that the Government is taking action, but what about the auto industry? With the sale of petrol and diesel plummeting and a sharp rise in alternatively fuelled vehicles, it is clear that the industry is taking note and switching focus to green cars. There are now all kinds of fantastic eco-friendly cars available and a type to suit every motorist whether it is a small city car or an SUV.

Used Cars

Of course, it is the cars that are currently on the road that are causing the problem. The used car market is enormous and filled with polluting automobiles, but there are steps that you can take to avoid dangerous automobiles. It is now more important than ever to get vehicle checks carried out through HPI, as these can reveal important information about the automobile’s past and they find that 1 in 3 cars has a hidden secret of some kind. Additionally, they can now perform recall checks to see if the manufacturer has recalled that particular automobile. This allows people to shop confidently and find vehicles that are not doing as much damage to the environment as others.

Public Perception

With the rise in sales of alternatively fuelled vehicles, it is now becoming increasingly more common to see them on UK roads. Public perception has changed drastically in the last few years and this is because of the air pollution crisis, as well as the fact that there are now so many different reasons to switch to electric cars, such as Government grants and no road tax. A similar change in public opinion has happened in the United States, with electric car sales up by 47% in 2017.


The US is leading the way for lowering emissions as they have declined by 758 million metric tons since 2005, which is the largest amount by far with the UK in second with a decline of 170 million metric tons. Whilst it is clear that these two nations are doing a good job, there is still a lot of work that needs to be done in order to improve the air quality and stop so many premature deaths as a result of pollution.

With the Government’s plans, incentives to make the change and a change in public perception, it seems that the electric car revolution is fully underway.

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Consumers Investing in Eco-Friendly Cars with the UK Green Revolution



Eco-Friendly Cars

The UK public appears to be embracing the electric car UK Green Revolution, as recent statistics reveal that more and more consumers are making the switch from petrol and diesel to electric or alternatively fuelled vehicles. The demand for diesel fell by almost a third in October compared to last year, whilst hybrid and electric cars rose by a staggering 36.9%.

Time for UK Green Revolution Change

So, what is the reason for this sudden change? This comes down to the current situation in the UK, which has led to people embracing eco-friendly technologies and automobiles. One of the main reasons is the Government’s clean air plans, which includes the impending 2040 ban on petrol and diesel automobiles. There is then the rollout of the T-Charge in London, the city of Oxford announcing that they will be banning petrol and diesel from the city centre by 2020 and various other big announcements which take up a lot of space and time in the UK press.

h2>Diesel’s Reputation

In addition to this, the negative publicity against diesel has had a huge impact on the UK public. This has led to a lot of confusion over emissions, but actually, the newest low emission diesel automobiles will not face restrictions and are not as bad to drive as many believe. Most notably, German brand Volkswagen has been affected due to the emissions scandal in recent times. It was discovered that some emissions controls for VW’s turbocharged direct injection diesel engines were only activated during laboratory testing, so these automobiles were emitting 40 times more NO in real-world driving. As a result of this and all the negative publicity, the manufacturer has made adaptations and amended their vehicles in Europe. Additionally, they have made movements to improve the emissions from their cars, meaning that they are now one of the cleaner manufacturers. Their impressive range includes the Polo, Golf and Up, all of which can be found for affordable prices from places like Unbeatable Car.

The Current Market

The confusion over the Government’s current stance on diesel has clearly had a huge impact on the public. So much so that the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) has called on the Government to use the Autumn Budget to restore stability in the market and encourage the public to invest in the latest low emission automobiles. SMMT believes that this is the fastest and most effective way to address the serious air quality concerns in this country.


One way that the Government has encouraged the public to make the switch is by making incentives. Motorists can benefit from a grant when they purchase a new plug-in vehicle, plus there are benefits like no road tax for electric vehicles and no congestion charge. When these are combined with the low running costs, it makes owning an electric automobile an appealing prospect and especially because there are so many great models available and a type to suit every motorist. One of the main reasons holding motorists back is the perceived lack of charging points. However, there are currently over 13,000 up and down the country with this number rapidly increasing each month. It is thought that the amount of charging points will outnumber petrol stations by 2020, so it is easy to see more and more motorists start to invest in electric cars way ahead of the 2040 ban.

It is an interesting time in the UK as people are now embracing the electric car revolution. The Government’s clean air plans seem to have accelerated this revolution, plus the poor publicity that diesel has received has only strengthened the case for making the switch sooner rather than later.

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