This week marks the centenary of the beginning of the First World War. It is a week in which many will think of the horrors endured by so many in that first industrialised conflict, and of the millions who lost their lives. Few can reveal the truth of the war better than the war poets.
To commemorate the anniversary, Blue & Green Tomorrow will this week review some of the finest works of the soldier poets.
Wilfred Owen is considered by many to be the best of the war poets. An Englishman who realised early that poetry was his calling, Owen experienced the trauma of front line fighting first hand. His poetry shocked many contemporaries with its graphic honesty and its unashamed contempt for war.
Tragically, he was killed in action exactly one week before the end of the war, aged just 25. His immortal works have long outlasted him.
Dulce et Decorum est is perhaps Owen’s best-known poem. Its title comes from Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori by the Roman poet Horace – which roughly translates to “How sweet and honourable it is to die for one’s country”.
Written in 1917, the poem paints a horrifying picture of chemical warfare.
“Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,
Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,
Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs
And towards our distant rest began to trudge.
Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;
Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots
Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.
Gas! Gas! Quick, boys! – An ecstasy of fumbling,
Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time;
But someone still was yelling out and stumbling
And flound’ring like a man in fire or lime…
Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,
As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,
He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
If in some smothering dreams you too could pace
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,
And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,
His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin;
If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood
Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud
Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,
My friend, you would not tell with such high zest
To children ardent for some desperate glory,
The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.”
Photo: Eric The Fish via Flickr
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