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On this day in 2011: News of the World ceases publication

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Thank you & goodbye” was the headline of the final edition of News of the World in July 2011, following the allegations that the title had hacked murdered schoolgirl Milly Dowlers’ mobile phone. After 168 years of publishing, one of the UK’s most successful, respected and feared newspapers was abruptly closed.

Evidence of illegal payments for information goes back as far as 1999. The Metropolitan Police’s Operation Nigeria uncovered that a private investigator, Jonathan Rees, had bought information from serving officers during the 90s and sold it to national newspapers, including News of the World.

In 2003, editor of the Sun Rebekah Brooks (then known as Wade) admitted to a parliamentary committee that paying police for information was commonplace. Brooks had been editor of News of the World between 2000 and 2003.

Between 2005 and 2006 the royal phone hacking scandal emerged when the private conversations of Prince William were covered in News of the World by Clive Goodman. He and private investigator Glenn Mulcaire pleaded guilty to hacking the phones of royals in January 2007 and Andy Coulson, the newspaper’s editor, resigned on the same day.

Click here to read The Guide to Responsible Media 2012

Internal News International and police investigations suggested their actions were that of a ‘rogue reporter’, despite glaring evidence that such behaviour was widespread.

It wasn’t until July 4 2011, when the Guardian reported the hacking of Milly Dowlers’ mobile phone, that this defence started to crumble. On July 6, the Daily Telegraph reported that the voicemails of British soldiers killed in action had been hacked. Several 7/7 London attack victims had similarly been targeted. Thousands more victims were revealed in the weeks, months and years that have followed.

The fallout was dramatic.

Advertisers boycotted the newspaper, essentially signing its death warrant. Coulson resigned from his position as the prime minister’s communications director, a position he had been given after the royal phone hacking scandal. Rupert Murdoch withdrew his bid for total control of BSkyB. Many senior directors of News Corporation and News International resigned, were dismissed or suspended.

Forty-two executives and journalists from across News International’s UK titles have been charged and now face criminal prosecution, if they haven’t already been convicted. Fifty-six are still on bail. More arrests are expected.

At the time, News Corporation may have taken out a full page advert in most nationals newspapers to say, “We’re sorry”, signed by Murdoch, but recent revelations suggest that his mea culpa was less than sincere.

Murdoch effectively relaunched News of the World as the Sun on Sunday on February 26 2012, diminishing the significance of his decision to close the title. It had long been suspected that he wanted to merge the publications into a seven-day operation. The Milly Dowler scandal simply forced his timetable. As was reported in the trade press, trademarks and URLs for a Sunday edition of the Sun had been registered before the final edition of News of the World was published.

The Sun on Sunday sold 1.9m copies on average during April, down from the 2.6m the NoTW sold during its final month, but it is still the largest Sunday title.

The many inquiries, not least the Leveson inquiry, rumbled on for months and public interest has gradually waned. We have still not resolved the issue of regulating the behaviour of the press. Most recently, Lord Prescott, one of the phone hacking victims, took the unusual step of resigning from the Privy Council due to what he sees as an overly political deal between national newspapers and the executive to block limits on press freedom.

And then, earlier this month Exaro News ran audio extracts of private comments made by Murdoch to executives and reporters at the Sun in March. In it, he railed against the police and indicated that he knew bribing public officials had been endemic for years.

Police are now investigating the recording and Murdoch has been summoned before the culture, media and sports select committee. In a statement, a spokesperson for News Corporation said, “Mr Murdoch welcomes the opportunity to return to the select committee and answer their questions. He looks forward to clearing up any misconceptions as soon as possible.”

See below to watch a 1994 parody by Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie of what Britain would have been like without Murdoch.

Further reading:

A short history of trying to regulate an irreverent, unruly and opinionated press

Freedom of expression is not the same as a freedom to mislead

Is trash media responsible for a lack of positive role models?

A free press would be a good idea

The Guide to Responsible Media 2012

Simon Leadbetter is the founder and publisher of Blue & Green Tomorrow. He has held senior roles at Northcliffe, The Daily Telegraph, Santander, Barclaycard, AXA, Prudential and Fidelity. In 2004, he founded a marketing agency that worked amongst others with The Guardian, Vodafone, E.On and Liverpool Victoria. He sold this agency in 2006 and as Chief Marketing Officer for two VC-backed start-ups launched the online platform Cleantech Intelligence (which underpinned the The Guardian’s Cleantech 100) and StrategyEye Cleantech. Most recently, he was Marketing Director of Emap, the UK’s largest B2B publisher, and the founder of Blue & Green Communications Limited.

Economy

How Going Green Can Save A Company Money

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going green can save company money
Shutterstock Licensed Photot - By GOLFX

What is going green?

Going green means to live life in a way that is environmentally friendly for an entire population. It is the conservation of energy, water, and air. Going green means using products and resources that will not contaminate or pollute the air. It means being educated and well informed about the surroundings, and how to best protect them. It means recycling products that may not be biodegradable. Companies, as well as people, that adhere to going green can help to ensure a safer life for humanity.

The first step in going green

There are actually no step by step instructions for going green. The only requirement needed is making the decision to become environmentally conscious. It takes a caring attitude, and a willingness to make the change. It has been found that companies have improved their profit margins by going green. They have saved money on many of the frivolous things they they thought were a necessity. Besides saving money, companies are operating more efficiently than before going green. Companies have become aware of their ecological responsibility by pursuing the knowledge needed to make decisions that would change lifestyles and help sustain the earth’s natural resources for present and future generations.

Making needed changes within the company

After making the decision to go green, there are several things that can be changed in the workplace. A good place to start would be conserving energy used by electrical appliances. First, turning off the computer will save over the long run. Just letting it sleep still uses energy overnight. Turn off all other appliances like coffee maker, or anything that plugs in. Pull the socket from the outlet to stop unnecessary energy loss. Appliances continue to use electricity although they are switched off, and not unplugged. Get in the habit of turning off the lights whenever you leave a room. Change to fluorescent light bulbs, and lighting throughout the building. Have any leaks sealed on the premises to avoid the escape of heat or air.

Reducing the common paper waste

paper waste

Shutterstock Licensed Photo – By Yury Zap

Modern technologies and state of the art equipment, and tools have almost eliminated the use of paper in the office. Instead of sending out newsletters, brochures, written memos and reminders, you can now do all of these and more by technology while saving on the use of paper. Send out digital documents and emails to communicate with staff and other employees. By using this virtual bookkeeping technique, you will save a bundle on paper. When it is necessary to use paper for printing purposes or other services, choose the already recycled paper. It is smartly labeled and easy to find in any office supply store. It is called the Post Consumer Waste paper, or PCW paper. This will show that your company is dedicated to the preservation of natural resources. By using PCW paper, everyone helps to save the trees which provides and emits many important nutrients into the atmosphere.

Make money by spreading the word

Companies realize that consumers like to buy, or invest in whatever the latest trend may be. They also cater to companies that are doing great things for the quality of life of all people. People want to know that the companies that they cater to are doing their part for the environment and ecology. By going green, you can tell consumers of your experiences with helping them and communities be eco-friendly. This is a sound public relations technique to bring revenue to your brand. Boost the impact that your company makes on the environment. Go green, save and make money while essentially preserving what is normally taken for granted. The benefits of having a green company are enormous for consumers as well as the companies that engage in the process.

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Energy

5 Easy Things You Can Do to Make Your Home More Sustainable

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sustainable homes
Shutterstock Licensed Photot - By Diyana Dimitrova

Increasing your home’s energy efficiency is one of the smartest moves you can make as a homeowner. It will lower your bills, increase the resale value of your property, and help minimize our planet’s fast-approaching climate crisis. While major home retrofits can seem daunting, there are plenty of quick and cost-effective ways to start reducing your carbon footprint today. Here are five easy projects to make your home more sustainable.

1. Weather stripping

If you’re looking to make your home more energy efficient, an energy audit is a highly recommended first step. This will reveal where your home is lacking in regards to sustainability suggests the best plan of attack.

Some form of weather stripping is nearly always advised because it is so easy and inexpensive yet can yield such transformative results. The audit will provide information about air leaks which you can couple with your own knowledge of your home’s ventilation needs to develop a strategic plan.

Make sure you choose the appropriate type of weather stripping for each location in your home. Areas that receive a lot of wear and tear, like popular doorways, are best served by slightly more expensive vinyl or metal options. Immobile cracks or infrequently opened windows can be treated with inexpensive foams or caulking. Depending on the age and quality of your home, the resulting energy savings can be as much as 20 percent.

2. Programmable thermostats

Programmable thermostats

Shutterstock Licensed Photo – By Olivier Le Moal

Programmable thermostats have tremendous potential to save money and minimize unnecessary energy usage. About 45 percent of a home’s energy is earmarked for heating and cooling needs with a large fraction of that wasted on unoccupied spaces. Programmable thermostats can automatically lower the heat overnight or shut off the air conditioning when you go to work.

Every degree Fahrenheit you lower the thermostat equates to 1 percent less energy use, which amounts to considerable savings over the course of a year. When used correctly, programmable thermostats reduce heating and cooling bills by 10 to 30 percent. Of course, the same result can be achieved by manually adjusting your thermostats to coincide with your activities, just make sure you remember to do it!

3. Low-flow water hardware

With the current focus on carbon emissions and climate change, we typically equate environmental stability to lower energy use, but fresh water shortage is an equal threat. Installing low-flow hardware for toilets and showers, particularly in drought prone areas, is an inexpensive and easy way to cut water consumption by 50 percent and save as much as $145 per year.

Older toilets use up to 6 gallons of water per flush, the equivalent of an astounding 20.1 gallons per person each day. This makes them the biggest consumer of indoor water. New low-flow toilets are standardized at 1.6 gallons per flush and can save more than 20,000 gallons a year in a 4-member household.

Similarly, low-flow shower heads can decrease water consumption by 40 percent or more while also lowering water heating bills and reducing CO2 emissions. Unlike early versions, new low-flow models are equipped with excellent pressure technology so your shower will be no less satisfying.

4. Energy efficient light bulbs

An average household dedicates about 5 percent of its energy use to lighting, but this value is dropping thanks to new lighting technology. Incandescent bulbs are quickly becoming a thing of the past. These inefficient light sources give off 90 percent of their energy as heat which is not only impractical from a lighting standpoint, but also raises energy bills even further during hot weather.

New LED and compact fluorescent options are far more efficient and longer lasting. Though the upfront costs are higher, the long term environmental and financial benefits are well worth it. Energy efficient light bulbs use as much as 80 percent less energy than traditional incandescent and last 3 to 25 times longer producing savings of about $6 per year per bulb.

5. Installing solar panels

Adding solar panels may not be the easiest, or least expensive, sustainability upgrade for your home, but it will certainly have the greatest impact on both your energy bills and your environmental footprint. Installing solar panels can run about $15,000 – $20,000 upfront, though a number of government incentives are bringing these numbers down. Alternatively, panels can also be leased for a much lower initial investment.

Once operational, a solar system saves about $600 per year over the course of its 25 to 30-year lifespan, and this figure will grow as energy prices rise. Solar installations require little to no maintenance and increase the value of your home.

From an environmental standpoint, the average five-kilowatt residential system can reduce household CO2 emissions by 15,000 pounds every year. Using your solar system to power an electric vehicle is the ultimate sustainable solution serving to reduce total CO2 emissions by as much as 70%!

These days, being environmentally responsible is the hallmark of a good global citizen and it need not require major sacrifices in regards to your lifestyle or your wallet. In fact, increasing your home’s sustainability is apt to make your residence more livable and save you money in the long run. The five projects listed here are just a few of the easy ways to reduce both your environmental footprint and your energy bills. So, give one or more of them a try; with a small budget and a little know-how, there is no reason you can’t start today.

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